1 Samuel 17

CHAPTER 17

Goliath Defies Israel

And [3gathered together 1the 2Philistines] their camps for war, and they gathered together at Shochoh of Judea, and they camped in between Shochoh and between Azekah in Ephes-dammin. And Saul and the men of Israel gathered together, and they camped in the valley of the terebinth tree, these and these. And they deployed for war right opposite the Philistines. And the Philistines stood upon the mountain here on that side. And Israel stood upon the mountain here on this side, and the canyon was between them. And there came forth [2man 1a mighty] from out of the battle array of the Philistines, Goliath was the name to him, from Gath. His height was four cubits and a span. And [2helmet 1a bronze] was upon his head, and [3a chest plate 4of chain-work 1he 2put on]. And the weight of his chest plate was five thousand shekels of brass and iron. And his leg coverings were of brass upon his legs, and a shield of brass in between his shoulders. And the shaft of his spear was as the weaver's beam of one weaving; and his lance was six hundred shekels of iron. And the one lifting his weapons went before him. And he stood and yelled out to the battle array of Israel, and said to them, Why are you come forth to deploy for battle right opposite us? [2not 2I 1Am] a Philistine, and you are Hebrews of Saul? Choose for yourselves a man, and let him come down to me! And if he should be able to battle against me, and strike me, then we will be to you for servants. But if I shall overpower him, and shall strike him, you will be to us for servants, and you shall serve us. 10 And [3said 1the 2Philistine], Behold, I berate the battle array of Israel today in this day. Give to me a man, and we will fight [2one on one 1both]! 11 And Saul heard, and all Israel, [2sayings 3of the 4Philistine 1these], and they were startled, and feared exceedingly.

David Goes to the Battle Array

12 And David was a son [2man 1of an Ephrathite]; this one was from Beth-lehem Judah, and the name to him was Jesse, and to him were eight sons. And the man was old in days of Saul arriving in the year. 13 And [6went 1the 2three 4sons 5of Jesse 3elder] after Saul unto the war. And the name of his sons, of the ones having gone unto the war -- Eliab his first-born, and the second Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14 And David himself was the younger, and the three, the elder went after Saul. 15 And David departed and returned from Saul to tend the sheep of his father in Beth-lehem. 16 And [3came forward 1the 2Philistines] rising early and arriving late, and set up before Israel forty days. 17 And Jesse said to David his son, Take indeed to your brothers the ephah of this toasted grain, and [2ten 3bread loaves 1these], and run unto the camp to your brothers. 18 And [2ten 3cheeses 4of the 5milk 1these] you shall bring to the commander of a thousand, and [2your brothers 1you shall visit] concerning their peace; and as much as they need you shall know. 19 And Saul, and they, and every man of Israel in the valley of the oak were warring with the Philistines. 20 And David rose early in the morning, and he left the sheep for guard, and he took the things and departed as commanded to him by Jesse. And he came unto the battleline and the army, the one going forth unto the battle array. 21 And they shouted for the war, and Israel deployed, and the Philistines deployed at the opposite of the battle array. 22 And David relieved his items from himself unto the hand of the provisions officer, and he ran to the battle array, and he came and asked his brothers the things for peace. 23 And with his speaking with them, and behold, a man in the middle ascended (the name given to him was Goliath the Philistine from Gath) from the battle array of the Philistines, and he spoke according to these words, and David heard. 24 And every man of Israel in their seeing the man feared greatly, and fled from his face. 25 And [4said 1a man 2from 3Israel], Did you see the man, this one ascending? [2so as 3to berate 4Israel 1He ascended]. And it will be a man who ever should strike him, [3shall enrich 4him 1the 2king] [2riches 1in great], and [2his daughter 1he will give] to him, and the house of his father he will make free in Israel. 26 And David said to the men, the ones standing with him, saying, What shall be done to the man who ever should strike that Philistine, and should remove scorn from Israel? For who is [2Philistine 1this uncircumcised] who berates the battle array of the living God? 27 And [3said 4to him 1the 2people] according to this word, saying, Thus it shall be done to the man who ever should strike him. 28 And [5heard 1Eliab 4brother 2his 3older] in his speaking to the men, and [2became angry 3with rage 1Eliab] with David, and said, Why is this you came down, and for why did you leave [2small 3sheep 1those] in the wilderness? I know your pride, and the evil of your heart; that because of seeing the war you came down. 29 And David said, What did I do now? [2not 3a word 1Is it]? 30 And he turned from him unto [2rank 1another], and he said thus. And they answered to him according to the word formerly. 31 And they heard the words of David which he spoke, and they were announced before Saul. 32 And David said to Saul, Let not [4be downcast 1the 2heart 3of my master] over him! Your servant will go and do battle with this Philistine. 33 And Saul said to David, In no way shall you be able to go against this Philistine to battle against him, for you are a boy, and he is a man of war from his youth. 34 And David said to Saul, [3tending 2was 1Your servant] for his father among the flock. And whenever [3came 1the 2lion] and the bear, and it took a sheep from out of the herd, 35 that I went forth after him, and struck him, and pulled it out of his mouth; and if he rose up against me, I held his throat and struck him, and I put him to death. 36 And [3the 4lion 5and 6the 7bear 2beat 1your servant], and [4will be 3Philistine 1this 2uncircumcised] as one of these who berates the battle array of the living God. 37 And David said, The  lord who rescued me from out of the hand of the lion, and from out of the hand of the bear, he will rescue me from out of the hand [2Philistine 1of this uncircumcised]. And Saul said to David, Go and the  lord will be with you!

David Kills Goliath

38 And Saul clothed David with his uniform, and [3helmet 2a brass 1put] upon his head, and clothed him with a chest plate. 39 And David tied on his sword upon himself. And [2tired 3walking 1David] in the proceeding with them, for he was inexperienced. And David said to Saul, In no way shall I be able to go in these, for I have not tested them; and they removed them from him. 40 And he took his rod in his hand, and chose for himself five [2stones 1smooth] from out of the rushing stream. And he put them in the canteen of the shepherd, the one being his, for a collection. And his sling was in his hand; and he went forward to the man, the Philistine. 41 And [3went 1the 2Philistine], going and approaching to David. And the man, the one caring the oblong shield was before him. And [3looked 1the 2Philistine]. 42 And Goliath beheld David, and he treated him with contempt, for he was a boy, and he was ruddy with beauty of eyes. 43 And [3said 1the 2Philistine] to David, [2As 3a dog 1Am I] that you come with a rod and stones? And [3cursed 1the 2Philistine] David by his gods. 44 And [3said 1the 2Philistine] to David, Come here to me! and I will give your flesh to the birds of heaven, and to the wild beasts of the earth. 45 And David said to the Philistine, You come to me with a broadsword, and with a spear, and with a shield. But I come to you in the name of the  lord God of hosts, the God of the battle array of Israel, whom you berate today. 46 And [2shall shut you up 1the  lord] today by my hand, and I will kill you, and I will remove your head from you, and I will give your carcass and the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines in this day to the birds of the heaven, and to the wild beasts of the earth; and [4shall know 1all 2the 3earth] that God is in Israel. 47 And [3shall know 1all 2this assembly] that it is not by the broadsword, and spear the  lord delivers; for [3is of the 4  lord 1the 2war], and the  lord shall deliver you into our hands. 48 And [3rose up 1the 2Philistine], and went and approached to meet with David. And David hastened, and came forth even himself for the battle array for meeting the Philistine. 49 And David stretched out his hand into the canteen, and he took from there [2stone 1one], and he slung it, and he struck the Philistine in his forehead; and [3penetrated 1the 2stone] unto his forehead; and he fell upon his face upon the ground. 50 And David powered over the Philistine with the sling, and with the stone in that day. And he struck the Philistine, and he killed him; and a broadsword was not in the hand of David. 51 And David ran and stood over him, and he took his broadsword, and pulled it out of its sheath, and he put him to death, and he removed his head. And [3beheld 1the 2Philistines] that [2has died 1their mighty one], and they fled. 52 And [5rose up 1the men 2of Israel 3and 4Judah], and shouted, and pursued after the Philistines unto the entrance of Gath, and unto the gate of Ekron. And [4fell 1the slain 2of the 3Philistines] in the way of the gates, and unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 53 And [3returned 1the men 2of Israel] turning aside going after the Philistines, and they plundered their camps. 54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and he brought it unto Jerusalem. And his weapons he put in his tent. 55 And as Saul saw David going forth for meeting the Philistine, he said to Abner the ruler of the force, Whose son is this young man, Abner? And Abner responded and said, [2should live 1your soul], O my lord king, I do not know. 56 And the king said, You ask whose son this young man is? 57 And as David returned having struck the Philistine, [2received 3him 1Abner] and brought him in before Saul. And the head of the Philistine was in his hand. 58 And [2said 3to 4him 1Saul], Whose son are you young man? And David said, A son of your servant Jesse of Beth-lehem.
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