1 Peter 5

Who am also an elder. This expression indicates that the word elder did not mark a precise and definite official relation, as Peter, who was originally an apostle, would not have been subsequently ordained to an inferior office.

For filthy lucre; for the sake of money. This expression, and others analogous to it, seem to imply that pecuniary provision for religious teachers was very early made,—as they are cautioned against being unduly influenced by the consideration of it.

Be subject one to another; yield one to another; let none seek to exercise authority over the rest.

Are accomplished in your brethren; that is, that all your Christian brethren, wherever scattered, share in your afflictions and trials.

Silvanus. There is an allusion to Sylvanus in 1 Thess. 1:1.

Babylon. The ancient city of Babylon was desolate and uninhabited in the days of the apostles. Hence some have supposed that Peter was at Rome when he wrote this Epistle, and that he calls that city by the name Babylon, as a mystical designation.—Marcus; perhaps the individual mentioned in Acts 12:12, whom Peter may have considered as his son, in a spiritual sense.

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