1 Kings 10

The Queen of Sheba

1 Now when the queen of Sheba heard about the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to test him with difficult questions. 2 She arrived in Jerusalem with a very large caravan, with camels bearing spices, gold in great abundance, and precious stones. So she came to Solomon and spoke to him all that was on her mind. 3 And Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was too difficult for the king to explain. 4 When the queen of Sheba saw all the wisdom of Solomon, the palace he had built, 5 the food at his table, the seating of his servants, the service and attire of his attendants and cupbearers, and the burnt offerings he presented at the house of the LORD, it took her breath away . 6 She said to the king, “The report I heard in my own country about your words [and] wisdom is true. 7 But I did not believe these things until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half was told to me. Your wisdom and prosperity have far exceeded the report I heard. 8 How blessed are your men! How blessed are these servants of yours who stand continually before you [and] hear your wisdom! 9 Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delighted in you to set you on the throne of Israel. Because of the LORD’s eternal love for Israel, He has made you king to carry out justice and righteousness.” 10 Then she gave the king 120 talents
That is, about 4.52 tons or 4.1 metric tons
of gold, a great quantity of spices, and precious stones. Never again was such an abundance of spices brought in as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
11 ( The fleet of Hiram, which brought gold from Ophir, also brought from Ophir a great cargo of almug
Probably a variant of algum; also in verse 12
wood and precious stones.
12 The king made the almug wood into steps for the house of the LORD and for the king’s palace, and into lyres and harps for the singers. Never before had such almug wood been brought in, nor has such been seen to this day. ) 13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired— whatever she asked— besides what he had given her out of [his] royal bounty. Then she left and returned to her own country, along with her servants.

Solomon's Wealth and Splendor

14 The weight of gold that came to Solomon each year was 666 talents,
That is, about 25.1 tons or 22.8 metric tons
15 not including the revenue from the merchants, traders, and all the Arabian kings and governors of the land. 16 King Solomon made two hundred large shields [of] hammered gold; six hundred [shekels]
That is, about 15 pounds or 6.8 kilograms; also in verse 29
of gold went into each shield.
17 [He also made] three hundred small shields of hammered gold; three minas
That is, about 3.75 pounds or 1.7 kilograms; possibly a reference is to double minas, that is, about 7.5 pounds or 3.5 kilograms
of gold went into each shield. And the king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon.
18 Additionally, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold. 19 The throne had six steps and a rounded top at the back of the throne. There were armrests on both sides of the seat, with [a] lion standing beside each armrest. 20 Twelve lions stood on the six steps, one at either end of each [step] . Nothing like [this] had ever been made for any kingdom. 21 All of King Solomon’s drinking cups were gold, and all the utensils of the House of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. There was no silver, because it was accounted as nothing in the days of Solomon. 22 For the king had the ships of Tarshish at sea with Hiram’s fleet, and once every three years the ships of Tarshish
Or a fleet of trading ships
would arrive bearing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.
Or baboons
23 So King Solomon surpassed all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom. 24 The whole world sought an audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom that God had put in his heart. 25 Year after year , [each] visitor would bring his tribute: articles of silver and gold, clothing, weapons, spices, horses, and mules. 26 Solomon accumulated 1,400 {} chariots and 12,000 horses,
Or horsemen or charioteers
which he stationed in the chariot cities and also with [him] in Jerusalem.
27 The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar as abundant as sycamore in the foothills.
Hebrew Shephelah or lowlands, that is, the western foothills of Judea
28 Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt and Kue;
Probably Cilicia or Muzur, a district near Cilicia
the royal merchants purchased them in Kue.
29 A chariot could be imported from Egypt for six hundred [shekels]
That is, about 15 pounds or 6.8 kilograms
of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty.
That is, about 3.75 pounds or 1.7 kilograms
Likewise, [they] exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and to the kings of Aram.
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