Moses Blesses the Twelve Tribes1 This is the blessing that Moses, the man of God, pronounced upon the Israelites before his death. 2 He said: “The LORD came from Sinai and dawned upon us ▼
▼ LXX, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew upon themfrom Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran and came with myriads of holy ones, with flaming fire at His right hand. ▼
▼ Or with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes3 Surely You love the people; all the holy ones [are] in Your hand, and they sit down at Your feet; ▼
▼ Or they follow in Your stepseach receives Your words— 4 the law that Moses gave us, the possession of the congregation of Jacob. 5 So [the LORD] became King in Jeshurun ▼
▼ Jeshurun means the upright one, a term of endearment for Israel; also in verse 26when the leaders of the people gathered, together with the tribes of Israel. 6 Let Reuben live and not die, nor ▼
▼ Or but lethis men be few.” 7 And concerning Judah he said: “O LORD, hear the cry of Judah and bring him to his people. With his own hands he defends his cause , but may You be a help against his foes.” 8 Concerning Levi he said: “ [Give] Your Thummim [to Levi] ▼
▼ DSS, LXX; MT does not include Concerning Leviand Your Urim to Your godly one, whom You tested at Massah and contested at the waters of Meribah. 9 He said of his father and mother, ‘I do not consider them.’ He disregarded his brothers and did not know his own sons, for they kept Your word and maintained Your covenant. 10 They will teach Your ordinances to Jacob and Your law to Israel; they will set incense before You and whole burnt offerings on Your altar. 11 Bless his substance, O LORD, and accept the work of his hands. Smash the loins of those who rise against him, and of his foes so they can rise [no more] .” 12 Concerning Benjamin he said: “May the beloved of the LORD rest secure in Him; [God] shields ▼
▼ LXX; Hebrew He shieldshim all day long, and upon His shoulders he rests.” 13 Concerning Joseph he said: “May his land be blessed by the LORD with the dew of heaven’s bounty and the watery depths that lie beneath, 14 with the bountiful harvest from the sun and the abundant yield of the seasons, 15 with the best of the ancient mountains and the bounty of the everlasting hills, 16 with the choice gifts of the land and everything in it, and with the favor of Him who dwelt in the burning bush. May these rest on the head of Joseph and crown the brow of the prince of his brothers. 17 His majesty [is like] a firstborn bull and his horns like those of a wild ox. With them he will gore the nations, even to the ends of the earth. Such are the myriads of Ephraim, and such are the thousands of Manasseh.” 18 Concerning Zebulun he said: “Rejoice, Zebulun, in your journeys, and Issachar, in your tents. 19 They will call the peoples to a mountain; there they will offer sacrifices of righteousness. For they will feast on the abundance of the seas and the hidden treasures of the sand.” 20 Concerning Gad he said: “Blessed [is] he who enlarges [the domain of] Gad! He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or a head. 21 He chose the best [land] for himself, because a ruler’s portion was reserved for him there. He came with the leaders of the people; he administered the justice of the LORD and His ordinances for Israel.” 22 Concerning Dan he said: “Dan [is] a lion’s cub, leaping out of Bashan.” 23 Concerning Naphtali he said: “Naphtali is abounding with favor, full of the blessing of the LORD; he shall take possession of the Sea and the south.” 24 Concerning Asher he said: “May Asher be the most blessed of sons; may he be the most favored among his brothers and dip his foot in oil. 25 May the bolts of your gate be iron and bronze, and your strength match your days. 26 There is none like the God of Jeshurun, who rides the heavens to your aid, and the clouds in His majesty. 27 The eternal God is your dwelling place, and underneath are the everlasting arms. He drives out the enemy before you, giving the command, ‘Destroy [him] !’ 28 So Israel dwells securely; the fountain of Jacob lives untroubled in a land of grain and new wine, where even the heavens drip with dew. 29 Blessed [are] you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD? He is the shield that protects you, the sword in which you boast. Your enemies will cower before you, and you shall trample their high places.”
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