Galatians 4

Sons and Heirs

[What] I am saying [is that] as long as the heir is a child, he is no different from a slave, [although] he is the owner of everything. He is subject to guardians and trustees until the date set by [his] father. So also, when we were children, we were enslaved under the basic principles
Or elemental forces; also in verse 9
of the world.
But when the time {had} fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under [the] Law, to redeem those under [the] Law, that we might receive [our] adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since [you are] a son, [you are] also an heir through God.

Paul's Fears for the Galatians

Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. But now that you know God, or rather are known by God, how [is it that] you are turning back to those weak and worthless principles? Do you wish to be enslaved by [them] all over again? 10  You are observing [special] days and months and seasons and years! 11  I fear for you, [that] my efforts for you may have been in vain. 12  I beg you, brothers, become like me, for I became like you. You have done me no wrong. 13  You know that it was because of an illness [that] I first preached the gospel to you. 14  And [although] my [illness] [was a] trial to you, you did not despise [me] [or] reject [me] . Instead, you welcomed me as if [I were] an angel of God, as if [I were] Christ Jesus [himself] . 15  What then [has become] of your blessing? For I can testify that, if [it were] possible, you would have torn out your eyes [and] given [them] to me. 16  Have I now become your enemy [by] telling you the truth? 17  [Those people] are zealous for you, [but] not in a good way. Instead, they want to isolate you [from us] , so that you will be zealous for them. 18  Nevertheless, [it is] good to be zealous if it serves a noble [purpose] — at any time, and not only when I am with you. 19  My children, for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until Christ is formed in you, 20  [how] I wish I could be with you now and change my tone, because I am perplexed about you.

Hagar and Sarah

21  Tell me, [you] who want to be under [the] Law, do you not understand [what] the Law [says] ? 22  For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and [the other] by the free [woman] . 23  His [son] by the slave woman was born according to [the] flesh, [but] [his son] by the free [woman] [was born] because of the promise. 24  These [things] serve as illustrations, for [the women] represent two covenants. One [covenant] [is] from Mount Sinai [and bears] children into slavery: This is Hagar. 25  Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present-day Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. 26  But the Jerusalem above is free, [and she] is our mother. 27  For it is written: “Rejoice, [O] barren woman, who bears no children; break forth and cry aloud, [you] who {have} never travailed; because more [are] the children of the desolate woman, than of her who has a husband.”
Isaiah 54:1
28  Now you,
WH, BYZ, and TR we
brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.
29  At that time, however, the [son] born by [the] flesh persecuted the [son born] by [the] Spirit. [It is] the same now. 30  But what {does} the Scripture say? “Expel the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free [woman’s] son.”
Genesis 21:10
31  Therefore, brothers, we are not children of [the] slave woman, but of the free [woman] .
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