Jacob's Fear of Esau1 Jacob also went on his way, and the angels of God met him. 2 When [Jacob] saw them, [he] said, “This is the camp of God.” So he named that place Mahanaim. ▼
▼Mahanaim means two camps3 Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4 He instructed them, “You are to say to my master Esau, ‘ - Your servant Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban and have remained there until now. 5 I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, menservants, and maidservants. I have sent this message to inform my master, so that I may find favor in your sight.’” 6 When the messengers returned to Jacob, they said, “We went to your brother Esau; he is coming to meet you— he and four hundred men with him.” 7 In great fear and distress, Jacob divided his people into two camps, as well as the flocks and herds and camels. 8 He thought, “If Esau comes and attacks one camp, then the other camp can escape.” 9 Then Jacob declared, “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, the LORD who told me, ‘Go back to your country and to your kindred, and I will make you prosper,’ 10 I am unworthy of all the kindness and faithfulness You have shown Your servant. Indeed, with only my staff I came across the Jordan, but now I have become two camps. 11 Please deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am afraid that he may come and attack me, and also the mothers and their children [with me] . 12 But You have said, ‘I will surely make you prosper, and I will make your offspring like the sand of the sea, too numerous to count.’” 13 [Jacob] spent the night there, and from what he had brought with him, he selected a gift for his brother Esau: 14200 female goats, 20 male goats, 200 ewes, 20 rams, 1530 milk camels with their young, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys, and 10 male donkeys. 16 He entrusted them to his servants in separate herds and told them, “Go on ahead of me, and keep some distance between the herds.” 17 He instructed the one in the lead, “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong, where are you going, and whose animals are these before you?’ 18 then you are to say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob. They are a gift, sent to my lord Esau. And behold, [Jacob] is behind us.’” 19 He also instructed the second, the third, and all those following behind the herds: “When you meet Esau, you are to say the same thing to him. 20 You are also to say, ‘Look, your servant Jacob is right behind us.’” For he thought, “I will appease [Esau] ▼
▼Or I will appease his facewith the gift that is going before me. After that I can face him, and perhaps he will accept me.” ▼
▼Or perhaps he will lift my face21 So [Jacob’s] gifts went on before him, while he spent the night in the camp.
Jacob Wrestles with God22 During the night Jacob got up and took his two wives, his two maidservants, and his eleven sons, and crossed the ford of Jabbok. 23 He took them and sent them across the stream, along with all his possessions. 24 So Jacob was left all alone, and [there] a man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25 When the man saw that He could not overpower [Jacob] , He struck the socket of Jacob’s hip and dislocated [it] as they wrestled. 26 Then [the man] said, “Let Me go, for it is daybreak.” But Jacob replied, “I will not let You go unless You bless me.” 27 “What is your name?” the man asked. “Jacob,” he replied. 28 Then [the man] said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, ▼
▼Israel means he struggles with Godbecause you have struggled with God and with men, and you have prevailed.” 29 Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me Your name.” “Why do you ask My name?” he replied. And He blessed [Jacob] there. 30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, ▼
▼Peniel means the face of Godsaying, “Indeed, I have seen God face to face, and yet my life was spared.” 31 The sun rose above him as he passed by Penuel, ▼
▼Penuel is a variant of Penieland he was limping because of his hip. 32 Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon at the hip socket, because [the man] struck Jacob’s hip socket near that tendon.
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