Jacob Returns to Bethel1 Then God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to Bethel, and settle there. Build an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods that are among you. Purify yourselves and change your garments. 3 Then let us arise and go to Bethel. I will build an altar there to the God who answered me in my day of distress. He has been with me wherever I have gone.” 4 So they gave Jacob all their foreign gods and [all their] earrings, and Jacob buried them under the oak ▼
▼ Or terebinth or great treenear Shechem. 5 As they set out, a terror from God fell over the surrounding cities, so that they did not pursue Jacob’s sons. 6 So Jacob and everyone with him arrived in Luz (that is, Bethel) in the land of Canaan. 7 There Jacob built an altar, and he called that place El-bethel , ▼
▼ El-bethel means God of Bethelbecause it was there that God had revealed Himself to him as he fled from his brother. 8 Now Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak ▼
▼ Or great treebelow Bethel. So [Jacob] named [it] Allon-bachuth. ▼
▼ Allon-bacuth means oak of weeping
Jacob is Named Israel9 After [Jacob] had returned from Paddan-aram, ▼
▼ That is, Northwest Mesopotamia; also in verse 26God appeared to [him] again and blessed him. 10 And God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; ▼
▼ Jacob means he grasps the heel or he deceivesyou will no longer be called Jacob, but your name will be Israel.” ▼
▼ Israel means he struggles with GodSo [God] named him Israel. 11 And God told him, “I am God Almighty. ▼
▼ Hebrew El-ShaddaiBe fruitful and multiply. A nation— even a company of nations— shall come from you, and kings shall descend from you. 12 The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.” 13 Then God went up from him at the place where He had spoken with him. 14 So Jacob set up a pillar in the place where [God] had spoken to him— a stone marker— and he poured out a drink offering on it and anointed it with oil. 15 Jacob called the place where God had spoken with him Bethel. ▼
▼ Bethel means house of God
"Benjamin is Born, Rachel Dies"16 Later, they set out from Bethel, and while they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth, and her labor was difficult. 17 During her severe labor, the midwife said to her, “Do not be afraid, for you are having another son.” 18 And with her last breath— for she was dying— she named him Ben-oni. ▼
▼ Ben-oni could mean son of my sorrow or son of my strengthBut his father called him Benjamin. ▼
▼ Benjamin means son of the right hand19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem) . 20 Jacob set up a pillar on her grave; it marks Rachel’s tomb to this day.
The Sons of Jacob21 Israel again set out and pitched his tent beyond the Tower of Eder. 22 While Israel was living in that region, Reuben went in and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard about it. Jacob had twelve sons: 23 The sons of Leah were Reuben the firstborn of Jacob, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. 24 The sons of Rachel [were] Joseph and Benjamin. 25 The sons of Rachel’s maidservant Bilhah [were] Dan and Naphtali. 26 And the sons of Leah’s maidservant Zilpah [were] Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan-aram.
The Death of Isaac27 Jacob returned to his father Isaac at Mamre, near Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) , where Abraham and Isaac had dwelt. 28 And Isaac lived 180 years. 29 Then [he] breathed his last and died and was gathered to his people, old and full of years. And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
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