Genesis 4

Cain and Abel

1 And Adam had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain.
Cain sounds like the Hebrew for acquired or brought forth
“With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man,” she said.
2 Later she gave birth to [Cain’s] brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the soil. 3 So in the course of time, Cain brought some of the fruit of the soil as an offering to the LORD, 4 while Abel brought the best portions of the firstborn of his flock. And the LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering, 5 but He had no regard for Cain and his offering. So Cain became very angry, and his countenance fell. 6 “Why are you angry,” said the LORD to Cain, “ - and why is your face downcast? 7 If you do what is right, {will} you not be accepted? But if you refuse to do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; you are its object of desire, but you must master it.”

Cain Murders Abel

8 Then Cain said to his brother Abel, [“Let us go out to the field.”]
SP, LXX, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew does not include Let us go out to the field
And while they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.
9 And the LORD said to Cain, “Where [is] your brother Abel?” “I do not know!” he answered. “ [Am] I my brother’s keeper?” 10 “What have you done?” replied [the LORD] . “The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. 11 Now you [are] cursed and banished from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you till the ground, {it will} no longer yield its produce to you. You will be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.” 13 But Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment
Or guilt or sin
[is] greater than I can bear.
14 Behold, this day You have driven me from the face of the earth, and from Your face I will be hidden; I {will} be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me {will} kill me.” 15 “Not so!”
LXX, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well or Therefore
replied the LORD. “If anyone slays Cain, [then Cain] will be avenged sevenfold.” And the LORD placed a mark on Cain, so that no one who found him would kill him.
16 So Cain went out from the presence of the LORD and settled in the land of Nod,
Nod means wandering
east of Eden.

The Descendants of Cain

17 And Cain had relations with his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. Then [Cain] built a city and named [it] after his son Enoch. 18 Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methusael, and Methusael was the father of Lamech. 19 And Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. 20 And Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and [raise] livestock. 21 And his brother’s name [was] Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute. 22 Zillah also gave birth to Tubal-cain, a forger of every implement of bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-cain [was] Naamah. 23 Then Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; wives of Lamech, listen to my speech. For I have slain [a man] for wounding me, a young man for striking me. 24 If Cain is avenged sevenfold, then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.”

Seth and Enosh

25 And Adam again had relations with his wife, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,
Seth probably means granted or appointed
saying, “God has granted me another seed in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.”
26 And to Seth also a son was born, and he called him Enosh. At that time [men] began to invoke
Or to call upon or to profane
the name of the LORD.
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