James 2

A Warning against Favoritism

My brothers, as you hold out [your] faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, {do} not [show] favoritism. Suppose a man comes into your meeting [wearing] a gold ring [and] fine clothes, and a poor [man] in shabby clothes also comes in. [If] you lavish attention on the [man] in fine clothes and say, “ - Here [is] a seat of honor,” [but] say to the poor [man] “You must stand,” or, “Sit at my feet,” have you not discriminated among yourselves and become judges [with] evil thoughts? Listen, my beloved brothers: {Has} not God chosen the poor of this world [to be] rich in faith and to inherit the kingdom He promised those who love Him? But you have dishonored the poor. [Is it] not the rich who oppress you and drag you into court? {Are} they not the ones who blaspheme the noble Name by which you have been called?
Or Name invoked upon you
If you really keep [the] royal law stated in Scripture, “Love your neighbor as yourself,”
Leviticus 19:18
you are doing well.
But if you show favoritism, you sin [and] are convicted by the Law as transgressors. 10  Whoever keeps the whole Law but stumbles at just one [point] is guilty of [breaking] all of it. 11  For He who said, “Do not commit adultery,”
Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18
also said, “vvv Do not murder.”
Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17
If you do not commit adultery, but do commit murder, you have become a lawbreaker.
12  Speak and act as those who are going to be judged by [the] law that gives freedom. 13  For judgment without mercy [ will be shown to ] anyone who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

Faith and Works

14  What good [is it] , my brothers, if someone claims to have faith, but has no deeds? Can such faith save him? 15  Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food. 16  [If] one of you tells him, “Go in peace; stay warm and well fed,” but {does} not provide for [his] physical needs, what good [ is that ] ? 17  So too, faith by itself, if it is not complemented by action, is dead. 18  But someone will say, “You have faith and I have deeds.” Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you [my] faith by my deeds. 19  You believe that God is one.
or that there is one God
Good for you! Even the demons believe [that] — and shudder.
20  O foolish man, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is worthless?
BYZ and TR dead
21  {Was} not our father Abraham justified by what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? 22  You see that [his] faith was working with his actions, and [his] faith was perfected by what he did. 23  And the Scripture was fulfilled that says, “ - Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,”
Genesis 15:6
and he was called a friend of God.
24  As you can see, a man is justified by [his] deeds and not by faith alone. 25  In the same way, {was} not even Rahab the prostitute justified by her actions when she welcomed the messengers and sent [them] off on another route? 26  As the body without [the] spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead.
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