The Seventy-Year Captivity1 This is the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. 2 So the prophet Jeremiah spoke to all the people of Judah and all the residents of Jerusalem as follows: 3 “From the thirteenth year of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah until this very day— twenty-three years— the word of the LORD has come to me, and I have spoken to you again and again, but you have not listened. 4 And the LORD has sent all His servants the prophets to you again and again, but you have not listened [or] inclined your ear to hear. 5 [The prophets] told [you] , ‘Turn now, each of you, from your evil ways and evil deeds, and you can dwell in the land that the LORD has given to you and to your fathers forever and ever. 6 Do not follow other gods to serve them and to worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands. Then I will do you no harm.’ 7 ‘But to your own harm, you have not listened to Me,’ declares the LORD, ‘so you have provoked Me to anger with the works of your hands.’ 8 Therefore, this is what the LORD of Hosts says: ‘Because you have not obeyed My words, 9 behold, I will summon all the families of the north, declares the LORD, and [I will send for] My servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. I will bring them against this land, against its residents, and against all the surrounding nations. So I will completely destroy ▼
▼The Hebrew term refers to giving over things or persons to the LORD, either by destroying them or by giving them as an offeringthem and make them an object of horror and contempt, an everlasting desolation. 10 Moreover, I will banish from them the sounds of joy and gladness, the voices of the bride and bridegroom, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the lamp. 11 And this whole land will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon for seventy years.
The Destruction of Babylon12 But when seventy years are complete, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, ▼
▼Or Babyloniansfor their guilt, declares the LORD, and I will make it an everlasting desolation. 13 I will bring upon that land all the words I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations. 14 For many nations and great kings will enslave them, and I will repay them according to their deeds and according to the work of their hands.’”
The Cup of God's Wrath15 This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: “Take from My hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink from it. 16 And they will drink and stagger and go out of their minds, because of the sword that I will send among them.” 17 So I took the cup from the LORD’s hand and made all the nations drink from it, each one to whom the LORD had sent me, 18 to make them a ruin, an object of horror and contempt and cursing, as they are this day— Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and officials; 19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his officials, his leaders, and all his people; 20 all the mixed tribes; all the kings of Uz; all the kings of the Philistines: Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod; 21 Edom, Moab, and the Ammonites; 22 all the kings of Tyre and Sidon; the kings of the coastlands across the sea; 23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who cut the corners [of their hair] ; 24 all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert; 25 all the kings of Zimri, Elam, and Media; 26 all the kings of the north, both near and far, one after another— all the kingdoms on the face of the earth. And after all of them, the king of Sheshach ▼
▼Sheshach is a code name for Babylonwill drink [it too] . 27 Then you are to tell them, ‘This is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Drink, get drunk, and vomit. Fall down and never get up again, because of the sword I will send among you.’ 28 If they refuse to take the cup from your hand [and] drink it, you are to tell them, ‘This is what the LORD of Hosts says: You most certainly must drink it! 29 For behold, I am beginning to bring disaster on the city that bears My name, so how could you possibly go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, for I am calling down a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares the LORD of Hosts.’ 30 So you are to prophesy all these words against them and say to them: ‘The LORD will roar from on high; He will raise His voice from His holy habitation. He will roar loudly over His pasture; like those who tread the grapes, He will call out with a shout, against all the inhabitants of the earth. 31 The tumult will resound to the ends of the earth because the LORD brings a charge against the nations. He enters into judgment on all mankind and puts the wicked to the sword,’ declares the LORD.” 32 This is what the LORD of Hosts says: “Behold! Disaster is spreading from nation to nation; a mighty storm is rising from the ends of the earth.” 33 Those slain by the LORD on that day will be spread from [one] end of the earth to the other. They will not be mourned, gathered, or buried. They will be like dung lying on the ground.
The Cry of the Shepherds34 Wail, you shepherds, and cry out; roll in the dust, you leaders of the flock. For the days of your slaughter have come; you will fall and be shattered like fine pottery. ▼
▼Hebrew; LXX you will fall like the best of the rams35 Flight will evade the shepherds, and escape [will elude] the leaders of the flock. 36 Hear the cry of the shepherds, the wailing of the leaders of the flock, for the LORD is destroying their pasture. 37 The peaceful meadows will become lifeless because of the LORD’s burning anger. 38 He has left His den like a lion, for their land has been made a desolation by the sword ▼
▼Some Hebrew manuscripts and LXX (see also 46:16 and 50:16); most Hebrew manuscripts angerof the oppressor, and because of His fierce anger.
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