John 19

The Soldiers Mock Jesus

1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had [Him] flogged. 2 The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns, put [it] on His head, and dressed Him in a purple robe. 3 And they went up to Him {again and again} , saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and slapping Him in the face. 4 [Once] again Pilate came out and said to [the Jews] , “Look, I am bringing Him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against Him.” 5 [When] Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, [Pilate] said to them, “ [Here is] the man!” 6 As soon as the chief priests and officers saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify [Him] ! Crucify [Him] !” “You take Him and crucify [Him] ,” Pilate replied, “for I find no basis for a charge against Him.” 7 “We have a law,” answered the Jews, “and according to [that] law He must die, because He declared Himself {to be} [the] Son of God.” 8 When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid, 9 and he went back into the Praetorium. “Where are You from?” he asked. But Jesus gave no answer. 10 So Pilate said to Him, “Do You refuse to speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You and authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the [one who] handed Me over to you is {guilty of} greater sin.” 12 From then on, Pilate tried to release Him, but the Jews kept shouting, “If you release this [man] , you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who declares himself a king is defying Caesar.” 13 [When] Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat on [the] judgment seat at a place called [the] Stone Pavement, [which] in Aramaic [is] Gabbatha. 14 It was the day of Preparation for the Passover, about the sixth hour. And [Pilate] said to the Jews, “Here is your King!” 15 At this, they shouted, “Away with Him! Away [with Him] ! Crucify Him!” “Shall I crucify your King?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” replied the chief priests.

The Crucifixion

16 Then [Pilate] handed [Jesus] over to be crucified, [and] [the soldiers] took [Him] {away} . 17 Carrying [His] own cross, He went out to [The] Place of the Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18 [There] they crucified Him, and with Him two others, [one] on each side, [with] Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate also had a notice posted on the cross. It read: Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, Latin, [and] Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “ {Do} not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but only that He said, ‘I am [the] King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.” 23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they divided His garments [into] four parts, [one] for each soldier, [with] the tunic [remaining] . [It] was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it. Instead, let us cast lots to see who [will get] it.” This was to fulfill the Scripture: “They divided My garments among them, and cast lots for My clothing.”
Psalm 22:18
So that [is what] the soldiers did.
25 Near the cross of Jesus stood His mother and [her] sister, [as well as] Mary the [wife] of Clopas and Mary Magdalene. 26 [When] Jesus saw [His] mother and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to [His] mother, “Woman, here [is] your son.” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Here [is] your mother.” So from that hour, [this] disciple took her into [his] [home] .

The Death of Jesus

28 After this, knowing that everything had now been accomplished, [and] to fulfill the Scripture, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar of sour wine was sitting [there] . So they soaked a sponge [in the] wine, put [it] on a stalk of hyssop, [and] lifted it to [His] mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished.” And bowing [His] head, He yielded up [His] spirit.

Jesus' Side is Pierced

31 It was [the] day of Preparation, [and] [the next] day was a High Sabbath. In order that the bodies would not remain on the cross during the Sabbath, the Jews asked Pilate to have the legs broken and [the bodies] removed. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first [man] who had been crucified with [Jesus] , and [those] of the other. 33 But when they came to Jesus [and] saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out. 35 The [one who] saw [it] has testified to this, and his testimony is true. He knows that he is telling [the] truth, so that you also may believe. 36 Now these things happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of His bones will be broken.”
Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; Psalm 34:20
37 And, as another Scripture says: “They will look on the [One] they have pierced.”
Zechariah 12:10

The Burial of Jesus

38 Afterward, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus (but secretly for fear of the Jews) , asked Pilate to let him remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission, so he came and removed His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had previously come to [Jesus] at night, also brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
Greek one hundred litras (Roman pounds), approximately 34 kilograms
40 So they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, according to [the] Jewish burial custom. 41 Now there was a garden in the place where [Jesus] was crucified, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 And because it was the Jewish day of Preparation [and] the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.
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