Luke 23

Jesus Before Pilate

1 Then the whole council rose [and] led [Jesus] {away} to Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this [man] subverting our nation, forbidding payment of taxes to Caesar, and proclaiming Himself to be Christ, a king.” 3 So Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” “You have said [so] ,” [Jesus] replied. 4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.” 5 But they kept insisting, “He stirs up the people all over Judea [with His] teaching. He began in Galilee [and has come] all the way here.”

Jesus Before Herod

6 When Pilate heard [this] , he asked if the man was a Galilean. 7 And learning that [Jesus] was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, [who] himself was in Jerusalem at that time. 8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased. He had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had heard about Him and was hoping to see Him perform a miracle. 9 [Herod] questioned [Jesus] at great [length] , but He gave no answer. 10 Meanwhile, the chief priests and scribes stood there, vehemently accusing Him. 11 And even Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked [Him] . Dressing [Him] in a fine robe, they sent Him back to Pilate. 12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends; before this [time] they had been enemies.

The Crowd Chooses Barabbas

13 Then Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 14 [and] said to them, “You brought me this man as [one who] was inciting the people {to rebellion} . I have examined [Him] here in your presence [and] found [Him] not guilty of your charges against Him. 15 Neither [has] Herod, for he sent Him back to us. As you can see, He has done nothing deserving of death. 16 Therefore I will punish Him [and] release [Him] .”
See Matthew 27:15 and Mark 15:6. BYZ and TR include 17 Now Pilate was obligated to release to the people one prisoner at the feast.
18 But they all cried out in unison: “Away with this [man] ! Release Barabbas to us!” 19 ([Barabbas] had been imprisoned for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.) 20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate addressed them again, 21 but they kept shouting, “Crucify [Him] ! Crucify Him!” 22 A third [time] he said to them, “What evil {has} this [man] done? I have found in Him no offense worthy of death. So after I punish Him, I will release [Him] .” 23 But they were insistent, demanding with loud voices for [Jesus] to be crucified. And their clamor
BYZ and TR include and that of the chief priests
24 So Pilate sentenced [that] their demand be met. 25 As they had requested, he released the [one] imprisoned for insurrection and murder, and surrendered Jesus to their will.

The Crucifixion

26 As [the soldiers] led Him away, they seized Simon of Cyrene on his way in from the country, [and] put the cross on him to carry behind Jesus. 27 A great number of people followed Him, including women who kept mourning and wailing for Him. 28 But Jesus turned to them [and] said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, {do} not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 Look, [the] days are coming when [people] will say, ‘Blessed [are] the barren [women] , the wombs that never bore, and breasts that never nursed.’ 30 At that time ‘vvv they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’
Hosea 10:8
31 For if [men] do these things [while] the tree [is] green, what will happen [when] [it is] dry?” 32 Two others, [who were] criminals, were also led away to be executed with [Jesus] . 33 When they came to the place called The Skull, they crucified Him there, along with the criminals, one on [His] right and [the other] on [His] left. 34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”
Some manuscripts do not include Then Jesus said ... what they are doing
And they divided up His garments by casting lots.
Psalm 22:18
35 The people stood watching, and the rulers sneered at [Him] , saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself if [He] is the Christ of God, the Chosen [One] .” 36 The soldiers also mocked Him [and] came up to offer Him sour wine. 37 “If You are the King of the Jews,” they said, “save Yourself!” 38 Above Him was [posted] an inscription:
BYZ and TR include written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew
[This is] the King of the Jews.
39 One of the criminals who hung [there] heaped abuse on Him. “Are You not the Christ?” he said. “Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other [one] rebuked him, saying, “ {Do} you not even fear God, since you are under the same judgment? 41 We [ are punished ] justly, for we are receiving what our actions deserve. But [this] man has done nothing wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom!” 43 And [Jesus] said to him, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”

The Death of Jesus

44 It was now about [the] sixth hour, and darkness came over all the land until [the] ninth hour. 45 The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn down [the] middle. 46 Then Jesus called out in a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commit My Spirit.”
Psalm 31:5
And when He had said this, He breathed His last.
47 When the centurion saw what had happened, he gave glory to God, saying, “Surely this was [a] righteous man.” 48 And [when] all the people who had gathered for this spectacle saw what had taken place, they returned [home] beating [their] breasts. 49 But all those who knew [Jesus] , including [the] women who had followed Him from Galilee, stood at a distance watching these things.

The Burial of Jesus

50 Now [there was] a Council member named Joseph, a good and righteous man, 51 [who] had not consented to their decision [or] action. [He was] from [the] Judean town [of] Arimathea, [and] was waiting for the kingdom of God. 52 He went to Pilate to ask [for] the body of Jesus. 53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and placed it in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had yet been laid. 54 It was [the] Preparation Day, and [the] Sabbath was just beginning. 55 The women who had come with [Jesus] from Galilee followed, [and] they saw the tomb and how His body was placed. 56 Then they returned to prepare spices and perfumes. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.
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