Nehemiah 5

Nehemiah Defends the Oppressed

About this time there was a great outcry from the people and their wives against their fellow Jews. Some were saying, “We [and] our sons and daughters are numerous. We must get grain to eat and live.” Others were saying, “We are mortgaging our fields, our vineyards, and our homes to get grain during the famine.” Still others were saying, “We have borrowed money [to pay] the king's tax [on] our fields and vineyards. We and our children are just like our countrymen and their children, yet we are subjecting our sons and daughters to slavery. Some of our daughters are already enslaved, but we are powerless [to redeem them] because our fields and vineyards belong to others.” When I heard their outcry and these complaints, I became extremely angry, and after serious thought I rebuked the nobles and officials, saying, “vvv You are exacting usury from your own brothers!” So I called a large assembly against them and said, “We have done our best to buy back our Jewish brothers who were sold to foreigners, but now you are selling your own brothers, that they may be sold back to us!” But they remained silent, for they could find nothing to say. So I continued, “What you are doing is not right. Shouldn’t you walk in the fear of our God to avoid the reproach of our foreign enemies? 10  I, as well as my brothers and my servants, have been lending [the people] money and grain. Please, let us stop this usury. 11  Please restore to them immediately their fields, vineyards, olive groves, and houses, along with the percentage of the money, grain, new wine, and olive oil that you have been assessing them.” 12  “We will restore [it] ,” they replied, “and will require nothing more from them. We will do as you say.” So I summoned the priests and required [of the nobles and officials] an oath that they would do what they had promised. 13  I also shook out the folds of my robe and said, “May God likewise shake out of his House and possession every man who does not keep this promise. May [such a man] be shaken out and have nothing!” The whole assembly said, “Amen,” and they praised the LORD. And the people did as they had promised.

Nehemiah's Generosity

14  Furthermore, from the day King Artaxerxes appointed me to be their governor in the land of Judah, from his twentieth year until his thirty-second year ( 12 years total ), neither I nor my brothers ate the food allotted to the governor. 15  The governors before me had heavily burdened the people, taking from them bread and wine plus forty shekels
That is, about 1 pound or 454 grams
of silver. Their servants also oppressed the people, but I did not do this because of my fear of God.
16  Instead, I devoted myself to the construction of the wall, and all my servants were gathered there for the work; we did not acquire any land. 17  There were 150 Jews and officials at my table, besides the guests from the surrounding nations 18  Each day, one ox, six choice sheep, and some fowl were prepared for me, and once every ten days an abundance of all kinds of wine was provided. But I did not demand the food allotted to the governor, because the burden on the people was so heavy. 19  Remember me favorably, O my God, for all that I have done for this people.
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