Numbers 5

Cleansing the Camps

1 Then the LORD said to Moses, 2 “Command the Israelites to send away from the camp anyone with a skin disease, anyone who has a bodily discharge, and anyone who is defiled by a dead body. 3 You must send away male and female alike; send them outside the camp, so that they will not defile their camp where I dwell among them.” 4 The Israelites did this, sending [such people] outside the camp. [They] did just as the LORD had instructed Moses.

Restitution for Trespasses

5 And the LORD said to Moses, 6 “Tell the Israelites that when a man or woman acts unfaithfully against the LORD by committing any sin against another, that person is guilty 7 and must confess the sin he has committed. He must pay full compensation, add a fifth to its value, and give all this to the one he has wronged. 8 But if the man has no relative to compensate, the restitution belongs to the LORD and must be given to the priest along with the ram of atonement, by which the atonement is made for him. 9 Every sacred contribution the Israelites bring to the priest shall belong to him. 10 Each man’s sacred gifts are his own, [but] whatever [he] gives to the priest will belong to [the priest] .”

The Adultery Test

11 Then the LORD said to Moses, 12 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them that if any man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him 13 by sleeping with another man, and it is concealed from her husband and her impurity is undetected ( since there is no witness against her and she was not caught in the act ), 14 and if a feeling of jealousy comes over [her husband] and he suspects his wife who has defiled herself— or if a feeling of jealousy comes over him and he suspects her even though she has not defiled herself— 15 then [he] is to bring his wife to the priest. He must also bring for her an offering of a tenth of an ephah
That is, about 2.3 quarts or 2.2 liters (probably about 3.5 pounds or 1.6 kilograms of barley flour)
of barley flour. He is not to pour oil over it or put frankincense on it, because it is a grain offering for jealousy, an offering of memorial as a reminder of iniquity.
16 The priest is to bring [the wife] forward and have her stand before the LORD. 17 Then [he] is to take [some] holy water in a clay jar and put some of the dust from the tabernacle floor into the water. 18 After the priest has the woman stand before the LORD, he is to let down her hair and place in her hands the grain offering of memorial, which is the grain offering for jealousy. The priest is to hold the bitter water that brings a curse. 19 And [he] is to require the woman to take an oath and say to her, ‘If no other man has slept with you and you have not gone astray and become defiled while under your husband’s authority, may you be immune to this bitter water that brings a curse. 20 But if you have gone astray while under your husband’s authority and defiled yourself with a man other than your husband who has slept with you’— 21 then the priest shall have the woman swear under the oath of the curse— ‘May the LORD make you an attested curse among your people if [He] makes your thigh shrivel and your belly swell. 22 May this water that brings a curse enter your stomach and cause your belly to swell and your thigh to shrivel.’ Then the woman is to say, ‘Amen, Amen.’ 23 And the priest shall write these curses on a scroll and wash them off into the bitter water. 24 He is to have the woman drink the bitter water that brings a curse, and it will enter her and cause her bitter suffering. 25 The priest shall take from [her] hand the grain offering for jealousy, wave [it] before the LORD, and bring it to the altar. 26 The priest is then to take a handful of the grain offering as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar; after that he is to have the woman drink the water. 27 When he has made her drink the water, if she has defiled herself and been unfaithful to her husband, then the water that brings a curse will enter her and cause bitter suffering; her belly will swell, her thigh will shrivel, and she will become accursed among her people. 28 But if the woman has not defiled herself and is clean, she will be unaffected and able to conceive children. 29 This is the law of jealousy when a wife goes astray and defiles herself while under her husband’s authority, 30 or when a feeling of jealousy comes over a husband and he suspects his wife. He is to have the woman stand before the LORD, and the priest is to apply to her this entire ritual. 31 The husband will be free from guilt, but the woman shall bear her iniquity.”
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