1 Chronicles 1

Verse 20. Zedekiah rebelled] This was in the eighth year of his

reign: and he is strongly reproved for having violated the oath he

took to the king of Babylon: see 2Ch 36:13. This was the filling

up of the measure of iniquity; and now the wrath of God descends

upon this devoted king, city, and people, to the uttermost. See

the catastrophe in the next chapter.




Chronological Notes relative to this Book

-Year of the World, 1.

-Year before Christ, according to Archbishop Usher, 4004.

-Year before the Flood, according to the common Hebrew Bible,


-Year of the Julian period, 710.


The genealogy of Adam to Noah, 1-3.

Of Noah to Abraham, 4-27.

The sons of Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac, 28.

The sons of Ishmael, 29-31.

The sons of Keturah, 32, 33.

The sons of Esau, 34-42.

A list of the kings of Edom, 43-50.

A list of the dukes of Edom, 51-54.


Verse 1. Adam, Sheth, Enosh] That is, Adam was the father of

Sheth or Seth. Seth was the father of Enosh, Enosh the father of

Kenan, and so on. No notice is taken of Cain and Abel, or of any

of the other sons of Adam. One line of patriarchs, from Adam to

Noah, is what the historian intended to give; and to have

mentioned the posterity of Cain or Abel would have been useless,

as Noah was not the immediate descendant of either. Besides, all

their posterity had perished in the deluge, none remaining of the

Adamic family but Noah and his children; and from these all the

nations of the earth sprang.

How learned must those men be who can take for a text "The first

verse of the first chapter of the first book of CHRONICLES." and

find a mystery in each name; which, in the aggregate, amounts to a

full view of the original perfection, subsequent fall, consequent

misery, and final restoration, of MAN! O ye profound illustrators

of the names of men and cities! why do ye not give us the key of

your wisdom, write comments, and enlighten the world?

Verse 5. After Tiras, the Targum adds, "And the names of their

countries were Africa, and Germany, and Media, and Macedonia,

Bithynia, and Maesia, and Thrace." And in another copy, "Germany,

Getia, and Media, and Ephesus, Bithynia, and Maesia, and Thrace."

Verse 6. To this verse the Targum adds, "And the names of their

countries were Asia, and Persia, and Barbary."

Verse 7. The sons of Javan] "But the sons of Macedon, Alsu, and

Tarsus, Ilation, and Dardania, or, according to others, Elisha,

Alam, Titsas, Achzavia, and Dardania, Ridom, and Chamen, and

Antioch." So says this Targum, which I shall henceforth designate

by the letter T.

Verse 8. The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim] "Arabia and


Verse 9. Seba, and Havilah] "Sindi and Hindi, and Semadaei, and

Libyes and the Zingitae; but the sons of the Mauritanians,

Demargad and Mesag."-T.

Verse 10. He began to be mighty upon the earth.] "He began to be

bold in sin, a murderer of the innocent, and a rebel before the


Verse 11. Ludim, &c.] "The Nivitaei, the Mariotaei, the

Libakaei, and the Pentaskenaei."-T.

Verse 12. Caphthorim.] "The Cappadocians."-T.

Verse 13. Canaan begat Zidon] "Canaan begat Bothniam, his

first-born, who built Sidon."-T.

Verse 19. The name of the one was Peleg] "Because in his days

the inhabitants of the earth were divided according to their

languages. And the name of his brother was Joktan, because in his

days the years of men began to be shortened, on account of their


Verse 20. Joktan begat Almodad] "He divided and measured the

earth by lines. Sheleph; he assigned rivers to be boundaries.

Hazarmaveth; he prepared a place of snares to kill by the

highways. Jerah; he built inns, and when any person came to eat

and drink, he gave him deadly poison, and so took his


According to these traditions, the two first were geographers;

the third, a public robber; and the fourth, an unprincipled

innkeeper, who gave poison to his rich guests, that he might get

their property. Such things have been done even in modern times.

Verse 23. And Ophir] "Whence gold is brought." And Havilah;

"whence pearls are brought."-T.

Verse 24. Shem] "The great priest."-T.

Verse 32. Keturah, Abraham's concubine] Abraham's pilegesh, or

wife of the second rank; she was neither whore, harlot, nor

concubine, in our sense of these words.

Verse 43. Before any king reigned over-Israel] See Ge 36:31,

&c., where the same verses occur, as I have supposed borrowed from

this place; and see the notes there.

Bela the son of Beor] "Balaam the impious son of Beor, the same

as Laban the Syrian, who formed a confederacy with the sons of

Esau, to destroy Jacob and his children; and he studied to destroy

them utterly. Afterwards he reigned in Sodom; and the name of his

royal city was Dinhabah, because it was undeservedly given to


Verse 44. Bela was dead] "Being killed by Phineas, in the


Jobab the son of Zerah] Supposed by some to be the same as Job,

whose book forms a part of the canon of Scripture. But in their

names there is no similarity; Job being written aiyob; Jobab,

yobab. See the notes on Job, and the parallel place in


Verse 46. Smote Midian] Nothing is known of this war.

Verse 48. By the river] "Shaul of Plathiutha, a great city,

built on the banks of the Euphrates."-T.

Verse 50. Daughter of Mezahab.] This word mey zahab, is

literally the golden waters; or What is gold? The Targumist

paraphrases thus: "Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, was so

earnest and diligent in business that she became immensely rich;

but when she was converted, she said, What is this silver, and

What is this gold? That is, They are of no real worth."

Verse 51. Hadad died] "And his kingdom ended; for his land was

subdued by the children of Esau, and the dukes of Edom ruled in

the land of Gebala."-T.

For various particulars in this chapter, see Gen. 10 and 36, and

the parallel places.

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