1 Chronicles 12


The different persons, captains, &c., who joined themselves

to David at Ziklag, 1-22.

Those who joined him at Hebron, out of the different tribes;

Judah, Simeon, Levi, the house of Aaron, Benjamin, Ephraim,

Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, Dan, Asher, Reuben,

&c., to the amount of a hundred and twenty thousand, 23-37.

Their unanimity, and the provisions they brought for his

support, 38-40.


Verse 1. Came to David to Ziklag] Achish, king of Gath, had

given Ziklag to David, as a safe retreat from the wrath of Saul.

Verse 8. And were as swift as the roes] That swiftness was

considered to be a grand accomplishment in a warrior, appears from

all ancient writings which treat of military affairs.

Verse 15. In the first month] Perhaps this was the month Nisan,

which answers to a part of our March and April. This was probably

before the snows on the mountains were melted, just as Jordan

began to overflow its banks; or if we allow that it had already

overflowed its banks, it made their attempt more hazardous, and

afforded additional proof of their heroism.

Verse 18. The spirit came upon Amasai] "The spirit of fortitude

clothed Amasai, the chief of the mighty men; and he answered, For

thy sake, O David, are we come, that we may be with thee, thou son

of Jesse. Prosperity be to thee by night and by day; and

prosperity be to thy helpers; for the Word of the Lord is thy


Verse 22. Like the host of God.] "That is, a very numerous army;

like the army of the angel of God."-T.

Verse 23. And came to David to Hebron] That is, after the death

of Ish-bosheth, Saul's son. See 2Sa 4:5.

Verse 27. Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites] Abiathar was

then high priest, and Jehoiada captain over the warriors of the

house of Aaron.

Verse 32. Children of Issachar] According to the Targum they

were all astronomers and astrologers: "and the sons of Issachar,

who had understanding to know the times, and were skilled in

fixing the beginnings of years, the commencement of months, and

the intercalation of months and years; skilful in the changes of

the moon, and in fixing the lunar solemnities to their proper

times; skilful also in the doctrine of the solar periods;

astrologers in signs and stars, that they might show Israel what

to do; and their teachers were two hundred chiefs of the

Sanhedrin: and all their brethren excelled in the words of the

law, and were endued with wisdom, and were obedient to their

command."-T. It appears that in their wisdom, experience, and

skill, their brethren had the fullest confidence; and nothing was

done but by their direction and advice.

Verse 39. They were with David three days] These were the

deputies of the different people mentioned here: it is not

possible that all the thousands mentioned above could have feasted

with David for three days; and yet it appears there was even of

these a great number, for the men of Issachar, Zebulun, and

Naphtali, who were nearest to this place of rendezvous, had

brought all the necessaries for such a feast. From the whole it

appears most evident that the great majority of the tribes of

Israel wished to see the kingdom confirmed in the hands of David;

nor was there ever in any country a man more worthy of the public

choice. As a statesman, warrior, hero, poet, and divine, he stands

unrivalled in the annals of the world: by him alone were the

Israelites raised to a pitch of the highest splendour; and their

name became a terror to their enemies, and a praise in the earth.

But, alas, how are the mighty now fallen!

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