1 Chronicles 13

CHAPTER XIII

David consults with his officers, and resolves to bring back

the ark from the house of Abinadab, 1-4.

They place it on a new cart, and Uzza and Ahio drive the cart;

the oxen stumbling, Uzza puts forth his hand to save the ark

from falling, and he is smitten by the Lord, 5-10.

David is displeased, and orders the ark to be carried to the

house of Obed-edom the Gittite, 11-13.

The ark abides there three months, and the Lord blesses

Obed-edom, 14.

NOTES ON CHAP. XIII

Verse 1. David consulted] Having taken the strong hold of Zion

from the Jebusites, organized his army, got assurances of the

friendly disposition of the Israelites towards him, he judged it

right to do what he could for the establishment of religion in the

land; and as a first step, consulted on the propriety of bringing

the ark from an obscure village, where it had remained during the

reign of Saul, to the royal city or seat of government.

Verse 5. From Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath]

"Therefore David gathered all Israel, from the Nile, Nilos,

of Egypt, even to the entrance of Antioch."-T.

Verse 6. Whose name is called on it.] "Where his name is

invoked."-T. And so the Hebrew, asher nikra shem,

should be understood, his name was not called on it, but invoked

at it.

Verse 7. In a new cart] Lest it should be profaned by being

placed on any carriage that had been employed about common uses.

Uzza and Ahio] All the versions understand achyo as

signifying brother or brothers; so does Jarchi, who observes,

from 2Sa 6:3, that these were the sons of Abinadab.

Verse 9. Uzza put forth his hand] See this transaction explained

2Sa 6:6, &c.

Verse 14. The Lord blessed the house of Obed-edom] That this man

was only a sojourner at Gath, whence he was termed Gittite, and

that he was originally a Levite, is evident from 1Ch 15:17, 18.

The Targum ends this chapter thus: "And the Word of the Lord

blessed Obed-edom, and his children, and his grand-children; and

his wife conceived, and his eight daughters-in-law: and each

brought forth eight at one birth, insomuch that in one day there

were found, of fathers and children, fourscore and one; and He

blessed and increased greatly all that belonged to him." This

exposition will not be generally received; but all rabbins must be

allowed to deal in the marvellous.

For other remarks see on 2Sa 6:1, &c.

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