1 Chronicles 15


David prepares to bring home the ark, and musters the Levites,


They sanctify themselves, and bear the ark upon their

shoulders, 12-15.

The solemnities observed on the occasion, 16-26.

David dances before the ark, and is despised by his wife

Michal, 27-29.


Verse 1. Made him houses] One for himself, and one for the ark;

in the latter was a tent, under which the ark was placed.

Verse 2. None ought to carry the ark-but the Levites] It was

their business; and he should have thought of this sooner, and

then the unfortunate breach on Uzza would have been prevented; see

1Ch 15:13.

Verse 15. Upon their shoulders] That is the staves which went

through the rings rested on their shoulders, but the ark itself

rested on the staves like a sedan on its poles.

As Moses commanded] See Nu 4:5, 15.

Verse 17. -Heman-Asaph-Ethan] These were the three chief

musicians in the time of David; see 1Ch 6:31.

Verse 20. With psalteries on Alamoth] Some suppose that the word

signifies virgins, or women singers, the persons mentioned here

being appointed to accompany them with psalteries, and preside

over them.

The Vulgate says arcana cantabant, they sang secret things or

mysteries; probably prophetic hymns.

Verse 21. On the Sheminith] According to the Targum, this

signifies an instrument that sounded an octave, or, according to

others, an instrument with eight strings. The Syriac and Arabic

have it, instruments to sing with daily, at the third, sixth, and

ninth hour; the Vulgate, an octave, for a song of victory: some

think the eighth band of the musicians is intended, who had the

strongest and most sonorous voices; and that it is in this sense

that shelomith and lenatstseach should be understood.

Verse 22. Chenaniah-he instructed about the song] This appears

to have been the master singer; he gave the key and the time, for

he presided bemassa, in the elevation, probably meaning

what is called pitching the tune, for he was skilful in music, and

powerful in his voice, and well qualified to lead the band: be

might have been precentor,

Verse 26. God helped the Levites] When they saw that God had

made no breach among them, as he had in the case of Uzza, in

gratitude for their preservation, and his acceptance of their

labour, they sacrificed seven bullocks and seven rams.

Verse 27. A robe of flue linen] A robe made of buts,

probably the tuft or beard of the Pinna Magna, a species of muscle

found every where on the shores of the Mediterranean, growing

sometimes, as I have seen, to a foot and a half in length. I have

seen a pair of gloves made of this very rich stuff; the colour is

a deep dark yellow, something inclining to what is called the

lilac. The buts or byssus was not heard of in Israel before the

time of David: after that it is frequently mentioned.

Verse 29. Michal-saw-David dancing-and she despised him] See

this whole business explained 2Sa 6:20, &c., where David's

conduct is vindicated, and the nature of Michal's disgrace and

punishment hinted at, but all left to the reader's determination.

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