1 Chronicles 18

CHAPTER XVIII

David smites the Philistines, and takes Gath, 1.

Reduces the Moabites, 2.

Vanquishes Hadarezer, king of Zobah, 3, 4.

Overcomes the Syrians of Damascus, and takes several of their

cities, 5-8.

Tou, king of Hamath, congratulates him on his victory, and

sends him vessels of silver, gold, and brass, 9, 10.

Those and the different spoils he had taken from the conquered

nations, he dedicates to God, 11.

Abishai defeats the Edomites, 12, 13.

David reigns over all Israel, 14.

His officers, 15-17.

NOTES ON CHAP. XVIII

Verse 1. David-took Gath and her towns] See the comparison

between this chapter and 2Sa 8:1, &c., in the notes on the

latter.

Verse 2. Brought gifts] Were laid under tribute.

Verse 9. Tou king of Hamath] Called Toi in 2Sa 8:9.

Verse 12. Abishai-slew of the Edomites] This victory is

attributed to David, 2Sa 8:13. He sent Abishai against them, and

he defeated them: this is with great propriety attributed to David

as commander-in-chief; qui facit per alterum, facit per se.

Verse 15. Joab-was over the host] General-in-chief.

Jehoshaphat-recorder.] The king's remembrancer, or

historiographer royal.

Verse 16. Zadok-and Abimelech-priests] Both high priests; one at

Gibeon, and the other at Jerusalem, as we have seen 1Ch 16:39.

Shavsha was scribe] Called Seraiah, 2Sa 8:17.

Verse 17. Cherethites and the Pelethites]

See Clarke on 2Sa 8:18.

The Targum says, "Benaiah was over the great Sanhedrin and the

small Sanhedrin, and consulted Urim and Thummim. And at his

command the archers and slingers went to battle."

The sons of David] These were the highest in authority.

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