1 Chronicles 2


The twelve sons of Jacob, 1, 2.

The posterity of Judah down to David, 3-15.

The posterity of the children of Jesse and Caleb, 16-55.


Verse 1. These are the sons of Israel] For this genealogy see

the parallel places pointed out in the margin.

Verse 6. Five of them in all.] "These were all chief men; and on

them the spirit of prophecy rested."-T.

Verse 17. Jether the Ishmeelite.] "They called him Jether,

because he girded himself with his sword, that he might assist

David with the Arabians, when Abner was endeavouring to destroy

David and the whole race of Jesse, as being unfit to enter into

the congregation of the Lord, on account of Ruth the


Verse 18. Azubah] "And why was she called Azubah? Because she

was barren and despised. But her injury was manifested before the

Lord; and she was comforted, and adorned with wisdom; and she

span, skilfully, goats' hair for the court of the tabernacle."-T.

Verse 20. Uri begat Bezaleel] This was probably the famous

artist mentioned Ex 31:2, &c., where see the notes.

Verse 34. Whose name was Jarha.] "And he gave him his liberty,

and gave him Sheshan his daughter to wife."-T.

Verse 42. Now the sons of Caleb] This was not Caleb the son of

Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, 1Ch 2:18, 50. But some

think that Caleb the son of Hezron was the grandson of Caleb, son

of Jephunneh; but this is probably fanciful.

The father of Ziph] "The prince of the Ziphites."-T.

Verse 52. Shobal-had sons] "Disciples and priests, to whom

belonged the half of the oblations."-T.

Verse 53. The families of Kirjath-jearim] "These were the

children of Moses, which Zipporah bare to him, viz., the

Jethrites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of these came the

disciples of the prophets Zarah and Eshtaol."-T.

Verse 54. The sons of Salma] "The righteous Bethlehemites, who

had a good name, as the Netophathites, who removed the guards

which Jeroboam had placed in the way lest the people should carry

the first-fruits to Jerusalem: for the sons of Salma carried

baskets full of first-fruits privately to Jerusalem; and having

cloven wood, they made ladders, and brought them to Jerusalem to

be laid up in Beth-mokad for oblations. These came from the

lineage of Joab the son of Zeruiah; and some of them were priests;

and they divided the residue of the sacrifices with the sons of

the prophets who were in Zorah."-T.

Verse 55. The families] "The families of the Rechabites, the

sons of Eliezer the son of Misco, the disciple of Jabez; he was

Othniel, the son of Kenaz. And he was called Jabez, because in his

council he instituted a school of disciples; they were called

Tirathim, because in their hymns their voice was like trumpets;

and Shimathim, because in hearing they lifted up their faces,

i.e., in prayer; and Suchathim, because they were overshadowed by

the Spirit of prophecy. These Salmaei were the children of

Zipporah, who were numbered among the Levites who came from the

stock of Moses, the master of Israel, whose righteousness profited

them more than chariots and horses."-T. See on 1Ch 4:9, 10.

Is the above explanation of Tirathites, Shimeathites, and

Suchathites, the Targumist refers to the import of the Hebrew

roots, whence these names are derived. See 1Ch 4:10. In this

chapter many names of cities are given as the names of men.

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