1 Chronicles 20


Joab smites the city of Rabbah; and David puts the crown of its

king upon his own head, and treats the people of the city with

great rigour, 1-3.

First battle with the Philistines, 4.

Second battle with the Philistines, 5.

Third battle with the Philistines, 6, 7.

In these battles three giants are slain, 8.


Verse 1. After the year was expired, at the time that kings go

out to battle] About the spring of the year;

See Clarke on 2Sa 11:1.

After this verse the parallel place in Samuel relates the whole

story of David and Bath-sheba, and the murder of Uriah, which the

compiler of these books passes over as he designedly does almost

every thing prejudicial to the character of David. All he states

is, but David tarried at Jerusalem; and, while he thus tarried,

and Joab conducted the war against the Ammonites, the awful

transactions above referred to took place.

Verse 2. David took the crown of their king-off his head] See

2Sa 12:30.

Precious stones in it] The Targum says, "And there was set in it

a precious stone, worth a talent of gold; this was that magnetic

stone that supported the woven gold in the air." What does he


Verse 3. He brought out the people] See this transaction

particularly explained in the notes on the parallel places,

2Sa 12:30, 31.

Verse 5. Elhanan the son of Jair] See Clarke on 2Sa 21:19.

The Targum says, "David, the son of Jesse, a pious man, who rose

at midnight to sing praises to God, slew Lachmi, the brother of

Goliath, the same day on which he slew Goliath the Gittite, whose

spear-staff was like a weaver's beam."

Verse 6. Fingers and toes were four and twenty]

See Clarke on 2Sa 21:20.

Verse 8. These were born unto the giant in Gath] "These were

born leharapha, to that Rapha in Gath, or to Arapha." So

the Vulgate, Septuagint, and Chaldee.

THE compiler of these books passes by also the incest of Amnon

with his sister Tamar, and the rebellion of Absalom, and the awful

consequences of all these. These should have preceded the fourth

verse. These facts could not be unknown to him, for they were

notorious to all; but he saw that they were already amply detailed

in books which were accredited among the people, and the relations

were such as no friend to piety and humanity could delight to

repeat. On these grounds the reader will give him credit for the

omission. See on 1Ch 20:1.

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