1 Chronicles 26

CHAPTER XXVI

The divisions of the porters, 1-12.

The gates assigned to them, 13-19.

Those who were over the treasures, 20-28.

Different officers, 29-32.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXVI

Verse 1. The divisions of the porters] There were four classes

of these, each of which belonged to one of the four gates of the

temple, which opened to the four cardinal points of heaven. The

eastern gate fell to Shelemiah; the northern, to Zechariah,

1Ch 26:14; the

southern, to Obed-edom, 1Ch 26:15; the

western, to Shuppim and Hosah, 1Ch 26:16. These several persons

were captains of these porter-bands or door-keepers at the

different gates. There were probably a thousand men under each of

these captains; as we find, from 1Ch 23:5, that there were

four thousand in all.

Verse 5. For God blessed him.] "That is, Obed-edom; because of

the ark of the Lord which was in his house; and to him was given

the honour that he should see his children and grand-children,

even fourscore and two, masters of the Levites."-T. In 1Ch 26:8,

we have only sixty-two mentioned.

Verse 6. They were mighty men of valour.] They were not only

porters or door-keepers in the ordinary sense of the word, but

they were a military guard for the gates: and perhaps in this

sense alone we are to understand their office.

Verse 12. The rest of this chapter, with the whole of the

xxviiith, is wanting both in the Syriac and Arabic.

Verse 13. They cast lots-for every gate.] None of these captains

or their companies were permitted to choose which gate they would

guard, but each took his appointment by lot.

Verse 15. The house of Asuppim.] The house of the collections;

the place where either the supplies of the porters, or the

offerings made for the use of the priests and Levites, were laid

up.

Verse 16. The gate Shallecheth] The gate of the projections:

probably that through which all the offal of the temple was

carried out.

Verse 17. Eastward were six Levites] It is supposed that there

were more guards set at this eastern gate, because it was more

frequented than the others. At each of the other gates were only

four; at this, six.

Verse 20. The treasures of the house of God] Where the money was

kept, which was to be expended in oblations for the

temple.-Jarchi.

Verse 24. Shebuel the son of Gershom] "Shebuel, that is,

Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, who returned to

God [ shebuel.] And David, seeing him expert in money

matters, constituted him chief treasurer."-T.

Verse 27. The spoils won in battles did they dedicate] It seems

these were intended for its repairs. This custom prevailed amongst

almost all the people of the earth. All who acknowledged any

supreme Being, believed that victory could only come through him;

and therefore thought it quite rational to give him a share of the

spoils. Proofs of this exist in all ancient histories: thus

Virgil:-

Irruimus ferro, et divos, ipsumque vocamus

In partem praedamque Jovem.

AEN. iii., ver. 222.

"With weapons we the welcome prey invade:

Then call the gods for partners of our feast,

And Jove himself, the chief invited guest."

DRYDEN.

On this passage Servius observes: Ipsum vocamus. Ipsum regem

deorum, cui de praeda debetur aliquid: nam Romanis moris fuit, ut

bella gessuri de parte praedae aliquid numinibus pollicerentur:

adeo ut Romae fuerit unum templum JOVIS PRAEDATORIS: non quod

praedae praeest, sed quod ei ex praeda aliquid debeatur. "Jupiter

himself, the king of the gods, to whom a portion of the prey was

due: for it was a custom among the Romans, when entering on a war,

to promise some part of the prey to their deities. And there was a

temple at Rome dedicated to JUPITER PRAEDATOR, not because he

presided over the prey, but because a part of the prey was

due to him."

Verse 29. Outward business] Work done without the city; cutting

of timber, hewing stones, ploughing the fields belonging to the

sanctuary.-Jarchi.

Verse 30. In all the business of the Lord] Every thing that

concerned ecclesiastical matters.

In the service of the king.] Every thing that concerned civil

affairs: see also 1Ch 26:32.

Thus courts of ecclesiastical and civil judicature were

established in the land; and due care taken to preserve and insure

the peace of the Church, and the safety of the state; without

which the public welfare could neither be secured nor promoted.

Whatever affects religion in any country, must affect the state or

government of that country: true religion alone can dispose men to

civil obedience. Therefore, it is the interest of every state to

protect and encourage religion. It would certainly be ruinous to

true religion, to make the state dependent on the Church; nor

should the Church be dependent on the state. Let them mutually

support each other; and let the state rule by the laws, and the

Church live by the Bible.

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