1 Chronicles 28


David assembles the princes of Israel, and informs them that

the temple was to be built by Solomon; to whom God had given

the most gracious promises, 1-7.

He exhorts them and him to be obedient to God, that they might

continue to prosper, 8-10.

He gives Solomon a pattern of the work, 11, 12;

directs him concerning the courses of the priests and Levites,


gives also gold, by weight, for the different utensils of the

temple, as God had directed him, 14-19;

encourages Solomon to undertake the work, 20, 21.


Verse 1. David assembled] This refers to the persons whose names

and offices we have seen in the preceding chapter.

Verse 2. David-stood up upon his feet] He was now very old, and

chiefly confined to his bed, (see 1Ki 1:47;) and while he was

addressing his son Solomon, he continued on the bed; but when all

the principal nobles of his kingdom came before him he received

strength to arise and address them, standing on his feet.

Verse 3. Thou shalt not build a house] See 2Sa 7:6, 13, and the

observations at the end of that chapter.

Verse 4. Over Israel for ever] The government should have no

end, provided they continued to walk according to the commandments

of God; see 1Ch 28:7. The government, as referring to

Christ, is, and will be, without end.

Verse 8. In the audience of our God] "Before the Word of the


Verse 10. The Lord hath chosen thee] "The Word of the Lord hath

chosen thee."-T.

Verse 11. David gave to Solomon-the pattern] He gave him an

ichnograph of the building, with elevations, sections, and

specifications of every part; and all this he received by

inspiration from God himself, (see 1Ch 28:12, 19,) just as Moses

had received the plan of the tabernacle.

The treasuries thereof] ganzaccaiv. The word

ganzach is not Hebrew, but is supposed to be Persian, the same

word being found in Es 3:9. In this tongue we have the word

[Persian] ganj, a granary, a hidden treasure, and [Persian]

gunjoor, and [Persian] gunjineh, a treasure, treasury, or barn.

Parkhurst supposes that it is compounded of ganaz, to

treasure up, and zach, pure; a treasury for the most precious


Verse 12. All that he had by the Spirit] "By the Spirit of

prophecy that was with him."-T.

Verse 14. Of gold by weight] The quantity of gold which was to

be put in each article.

Verse 15. For the candlesticks] There was but one chandelier in

the tabernacle; there were ten in the temple. See 1Ki 7:49.

Verse 18. The chariot of the cherubims] "And the figure of the

chariot, like to the figure of the propitiatory, where are the

figures of the golden cherubim, extending their wings and covering

the ark of the covenant of the Lord."-T.

Verse 19. Understand in writing] In some vision of ecstasy he

had seen a regularly sketched out plan, which had made so deep an

impression on his mind that he could readily describe it to his


"That the architecture of the temple," says Dr. Delaney, "was of

Divine origin, I, for my part, am fully satisfied from this

passage, and am confirmed in this opinion by finding from

Vilalpandas that the Roman, at least the Greek, architecture is

derived from this, as from its fountain; and in my humble opinion

even an infidel may easily believe these to be of Divine original,

inasmuch as they are, at least the latter is, found perfect in the

earliest models; nor hath the utmost reach of human wisdom,

invention, and industry, been ever able to improve it, or alter it

but to disadvantage, through the course of so many ages."

Verse 20. The Lord God-my God, will be with thee] "The Word of

the Lord my God will be thy assistant."-T.

Verse 21. Behold, the courses of the priests] The priests and

the Levites, the cunning artificers, and the princes of the

people, will be at thy command. Thus David, having assigned him

his work, and described the manner in which it was to be done,

shows him who were to be his assistants in it, and encourages him

in the great undertaking.

Here we find piety, good sense, prudence, zeal for the public

welfare and God's glory, the strongest attachments to the worship

of Jehovah, and concern for the ordinances of religion, all

united; and Solomon has his danger, his duty, and his interest

placed before him in the truest and most impressive light by his

pious and sensible father.

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