1 Chronicles 29


David enumerates the gifts which he designed for the building

of the temple; and exhorts the princes and people to make

their offerings, 1-5.

They offer willingly, and to a great amount, 6-9.

David's thanksgiving and prayer to God on the occasion, 10-19.

The princes and people praise God, offer sacrifices and feasts

before him, make Solomon King, and do him homage, 20-24.

The Lord magnifies Solomon, 25.

Concluding account of David's reign, character, and death,



Verse 1. The palace is not for man] "The palace is not prepared

for the name of a son of man, but for the name of the Word of the

Lord God."-T.

Verse 2. And marble stones] abney shayish, which the

Vulgate translates marmor Parium, Parian marble. Paros was one of

the Cyclade islands, and produced the whitest and finest marble,

that of which most of the finest works of antiquity have been

made. That the word shaish means marble is probable from the

Chaldee, which has abney marmoraiyah, marble stones.

Josephus says that the temple was built of large blocks of white

marble, beautifully polished, so as to produce a most splendid

appearance.-Jos., De Bell. Jud., lib. v., c. 5, s. 2.

Verse 5. To consecrate his service] lemalloth yado,

to fill his hand; to bring an offering to the Lord.

Verse 7. Of gold five thousand talents] These, at five thousand

and seventy-five pounds, fifteen shillings, and seven pence

halfpenny each, amount to twenty-five millions, three hundred and

seventy-eight thousand nine hundred and six pounds, five

shillings, sterling. If, with Dr. Prideaux, we estimate the

golden talent at upwards of seven thousand pounds sterling, the

value of these five thousand talents will be much more

considerable. See Clarke on Ex 25:39; "Mt 18:24"; and the

calculations at the end of Clarke's notes on "2Ch 9:29".

Ten thousand drams] Probably golden darics, worth each about

twenty shillings, amounting to ten thousand pounds.

Of silver ten thousand talents] These, at three hundred and

fifty-three pounds, eleven shillings, and ten-pence halfpenny,

each, amount to three millions five hundred and thirty-five

thousand, nine hundred and thirty-seven pounds, ten shillings,


Brass eighteen thousand talents] Each six hundred and

fifty-seven thousand grains, amount to one thousand and twenty-six

tons, eleven hundred weight, and one quarter.

One hundred thousand talents of iron] Each six hundred and

fifty-seven thousand grains, amount to five thousand seven hundred

and three tons, two hundred weight, and a half.

Verse 11. Thine, O Lord, is the greatness] This verse is thus

paraphrased by the Targum: "Thine, O Lord, is the magnificence;

for thou hast created the world by thy great power, and by thy

might hast led our fathers out of Egypt, and with great signs

hast caused them to pass through the Red Sea. Thou hast appeared

gloriously on Mount Sinai, with troops of angels, in giving law

to thy people. Thou hast gained the victory over Amalek; over

Sihon and Og, kings of Canaan. By the splendour of thy majesty

thou hast caused the sun to stand still on Gibeon, and the moon in

the valley of Ajalon, until thy people, the house of Israel, were

avenged of their enemies. All things that are in heaven and earth

are the work of thy hands, and thou rulest over and sustainest

whatsoever is in the heavens and in the earth. Thine, O Lord, is

the kingdom in the firmament; and thou art exalted above the

heavenly angels, and over all who are constituted rulers upon


Verse 14. Of thine own have we given thee.] "For from thy

presence all good comes, and of the blessings of thy hands have we

given thee."-Targum.

Verse 15. For we are strangers] We have here neither right nor


And sojourners] Lodging as it were for a night, in the mansion

of another.

As were all our fathers] These were, as we are supported by thy

bounty, and tenants at will to thee.

Our days on the earth are as a shadow] They are continually

declining, fading, and passing away. This is the place of our

sojourning, and here we have no substantial, permanent residence.

There is none abiding.] However we may wish to settle and remain

in this state of things, it is impossible, because every earthly

form is passing swiftly away, all is in a state of revolution and

decay, and there is no abiding, mikveh, no expectation,

that we shall be exempt from those changes and chances to which

our fathers were subjected. "As the shadow of a bird flying in the

air [ avir] of heaven, such are our days upon the earth; nor

is there any hope to any son of man that he shall live for


Verse 18. Keep this for ever] All the good dispositions which

myself and my people have, came from thee; continue to support and

strengthen them by the same grace by which they have been


Verse 19. Give unto Solomon-a perfect heart] This he did, but

Solomon abused his mercies.

Verse 20. Worshipped the Lord, and the king.] They did reverence

to God as the supreme Ruler, and to the king as his deputy.

Verse 21. With their drink-offerings] The Targum says a thousand

drink-offerings, making these libations equal in number to the

other offerings.

And sacrifices] These were peace-offerings, offered for the

people, and on the flesh of which they feasted.

Verse 22. They made Solomon-king the second time] The first time

of his being anointed and proclaimed king was when his brother

Adonijah affected the throne; and Zadok, Nathan, and Benaiah

anointed and proclaimed him in a hurry, and without pomp. See

1Ki 1:39. Now that all is quiet, and David his father dead,

(for he was probably so at the time of the second anointing,) they

anointed and proclaimed him afresh, with due ceremonies,

sacrifices, &c.

To be the chief governor] To be the vicegerent or deputy of

Jehovah; for God never gave up his right of king in Israel; those

called kings were only his lieutenants: hence it is said,

1Ch 29:23, "that Solomon sat on the

throne of the Lord as king instead of David his father."

Verse 24. Submitted themselves] nathenu yad

tachath Shelomoh. "They gave the hand under Solomon;" they swore

fealty to him. We have already seen that putting the hand under

the thigh (super sectionem circumcisionis) was the form of taking

an oath. See Clarke on Ge 24:9.

Verse 28. And he died] David, at his death, had every thing that

his heart could wish. 1. A good old age, having lived as long as

living could be desirable, and having in the main enjoyed good

health. 2. Full of days; having lived till he saw every thing that

he lived for either accomplished or in a state of forwardness. 3.

Full of riches; witness the immense sums left for the temple. 4.

Full of honorer; having gained more renown than any crowned head

ever did, either before his time or since-laurels that are fresh

to the present hour.

Verse 29. The acts of David-first and last] Those which

concerned him in private life, as well as those which grew out of

his regal government. All these were written by three eminent men,

personally acquainted with him through the principal part of his

life; these were Samuel and Gad the seers, and Nathan the

prophet. These writings are all lost, except the particulars

interspersed in the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, none

of which are the records mentioned here.

Verse 30. The times that went over him] The transactions of his

reign, and the occurrences and vicissitudes in his own kingdom, as

well as those which were over all the kingdoms of the countries,

i.e., in the surrounding nations, in most of which David had a

share during his forty years' reign. Relative to the character of

David, see a few remarks in the note on 1Ki 2:10; and see more at

the end of the Psalms.

Dr. Delaney gives a just view of his character in a few words:

"To sum up all, David was a true believer, a zealous adorer of

God, teacher of his law and worship, and inspirer of his praise. A

glorious example, a perpetual and inexhaustible fountain of true

piety. A consummate and unequalled hero; a skilful and fortunate

captain; a steady patriot; a wise ruler; a faithful, generous, and

magnanimous friend; and, what is yet rarer, a no less generous and

magnanimous enemy. A true penitent, a divine musician, a sublime

poet, and an inspired prophet. By birth, a peasant; by merit, a

prince; in youth, a hero; in manhood, a monarch; and in age, a

saint." The matter of Uriah and Bath-sheba is his great but only

blot! There he sinned deeply; and no man ever suffered more in his

body, soul, and domestic affairs, than he did in consequence. His

penitence was as deep and as extraordinary as his crime; and

nothing could surpass both but that eternal mercy that took away

the guilt, assuaged the sorrow, and restored this most humbled

transgressor to character, holiness, and happiness. Let the God of

David be exalted for ever!

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