1 Chronicles 3


The children of David which were born to him in Hebron, 1-4.

Those born to him in Jerusalem, 5-9.

The regal line from Solomon, 10-24.


Verse 1. The second, Daniel] In 2Sa 3:3, this person is called

Chileab; he probably had two names. The Targum says, "The

second, Daniel, who was also called Chileab, because he was in

every respect like to his father." The Targumist refers here to

the import of the word ke-le-ab, like to the father. Jarchi

says the two names were given to this person because David, having

taken Abigail immediately after the death of Nabal, it could not

be ascertained whether this child were the son of David or of

Nabal, therefore David called him Daniel, God is my Judge,

and Chileab, he who is like to the father; probably from

the striking resemblance he bore to David, his reputed father.

"God is my Judge, I have not fathered another man's child; this is

entirely like unto myself."

Verse 3. By Eglah his wide.] The Targum, Jarchi, and others,

maintain that this was Michal, the daughter of Saul; but this does

not well agree with 2Sa 6:23:

Michal had no child to the day of her death. Yet she might have

had a child before the time that is mentioned above.

Verse 5. Shimea, and Shobab] Solomon is mentioned last, though

he was the eldest of these four sons, because the genealogy was to

be continued from him. Bath-shua is the same as Bath-sheba,

the vau being put by mistake in the former for

beth in the latter.

Verse 6. Elishama, and Eliphelet] In this and the eighth verse

these two names occur twice; some think this is a mistake, but

others suppose that two persons of these names died young, and

that the next born received the name of the deceased.-See Jarchi.

Verse 8. Nine.] There are thirteen if we count the four sons

of Bath-sheba, and nine without them; and in the second book of

Samuel there are eleven, reckoning the above four, and without

them only seven. In the book of Samuel probably only those who

were alive were reckoned, while the author of the Chronicles

comprises those also who were dead in this enumeration. Jarchi

supposes that the duplicate Elishama and Eliphelet are those which

increase the regular number seven to nine; and that the dead

without posterity, as well as the living, are mentioned to

increase the number of David's descendants; for, says he, the

whole book is written for the honour of David and his seed.

Verse 9. And Tamar their sister.] This is the only daughter of

David whose name is on record; and yet he is said to have had both

SONS and DAUGHTERS, 2Sa 5:13.

Verse 16. Zedekiah his son.] If this be the same who was the

last king of Judah, before the captivity, the word son must be

taken here to signify successor; for it is certain that Zedekiah

was the successor of Jeconiah, and that Zedekiah was the son of

Josiah, and not of Jehoiakim.

Verse 17. The sons of Jeconiah] Jeremiah has said

(Jer 22:30) that Jeconiah, or, as he calls him,

Coniah, should be childless; but this must refer to his posterity

being deprived of the throne, and indeed thus the prophet

interprets it himself: For no man of his seed shall prosper,

sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

Assir] Salathiel was not the son of Assir, but of Jeconiah,

Mt 1:12. Who then was

Assir? Possibly nobody; for as the Hebrew assir

signifies a prisoner, it may be considered as an epithet of

Jeconiah, who we know was a very long time prisoner in Babylon.

See 2Ki 24:15 and


Verse 18. Malchiram also] Calmet supposes we should read here,

And the sons of Salathiel were Malchiram and Pedaiah, &c.

Verse 19. The sons of Pedaiah] Houbigant thinks these words

should be omitted. Pedaiah is wanting in the Arabic and Syriac.

If this be omitted, Zerubbabel will appear to be the son of

Salathiel, according to Mt 1:12, and not the son of

Pedaiah, as here stated.

Verse 22. The sons of Shemaiah-six.] FIVE only are found in the

text, and the versions give us no assistance; neither do the MSS.

correct the place. If the father be not here included with his

sons, some name must be lost out of the text.

Verse 24. And Anani] "This is the King Messiah who is to be

revealed."-T. Jarchi says the same, and refers to Da 7:13:

Behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds (

ananey) of heaven. For this application of the word he gives a

fanciful reason, not worthy to be repeated. The Syriac and Arabic

omit several names in this table, and make only twenty-three

verses in the chapter: but such differences are frequent in the

books of Chronicles.

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