1 Chronicles 6


The genealogy of Levi and Aaron, 1-30.

The offices of the priests and Levites, 31-53.

The cities assigned them, 54-81.


Verse 1. The sons of Levi] It has been well remarked that the

genealogy of Levi is given here more ample and correct than that

of any of the others. And this is perhaps an additional proof that

the author was a priest, felt much for the priesthood, and took

care to give the genealogy of the Levitical and sacerdotal

families, from the most correct tables; for with such tables we

may presume he was intimately acquainted.

Verse 4. Eleazar begat Phinehas] As the high priesthood

continued in this family for a long time, the sacred historian

confines himself to this chiefly, omitting Nadab and Abihu, and

even the family of Ithamar.

Verse 8. Ahitub begat Zadok] Through this person the high

priesthood came again into the family of Eleazar.

Verse 10. Johanan] Supposed to be the same as Jehoiada.

Executed the priest's office] Probably this refers to the

dignified manner in which Azariah opposed King Uzziah, who wished

to invade the priest's office, and offer incense in the temple.

See 2Ch 26:17, 18.

Verse 14. Seraiah] He was put to death by Nebuchadnezzar,

2Ki 25:18, 21.

Verse 22. Korah] See the history of this man, and his rebellion,

Nu 16:1-33.

Verse 28. The first-born Vashni, and Abiah.] There is a great

mistake in this verse: in 1Sa 8:2 we read,

Now the name of his (Samuel's) first-born was Joel; and the name

of his second Abiah. The word Joel is lost out of the text

in this place, and vesheni, which signifies the second, and

which refers to Abiah, is made here into a proper name. The

Septuagint, Vulgate, and Chaldee, copy this blunder; but the

Syriac and Arabic read as in 1Sa 8:2. The MSS. have all copied

the corrupted Hebrew in this place. Jarchi labours to restore the

true reading, and yet preserve the integrity of the text, by

paraphrasing thus: "And the second, ( vesheni,) in respect

of the first, he was Abiah; and the second, in respect of Abiah,

he was Joel."

These, Joel and Abiah, were the two sons of Samuel, who

administered justice so badly that the people, being oppressed,

began to murmur, and demanded a king. See 1Sa 8:1, &c.

Verse 31. After that the ark had rest.] The Targum says, "These

are they whom David set over the service of the singing, in the

house of the sanctuary, or tabernacle of the Lord, at the time in

which the ark was brought into it;" that is, when it was brought

from the house of Obed-edom.

Verse 32. According to their order.] This order is specified


Verse 39. Asaph] This person, with Heman, the sons of Kora,

Ethan, Jeduthun, &c., are celebrated in these books, and in the

Psalms, for their skill in singing, and the part they performed in

the public worship of God.

It is very likely that their singing was only a kind of

recitative or chanting, such as we still find in the synagogues.

It does not appear that God had especially appointed these

singers, much less any musical instruments, (the silver trumpets

excepted,) to be employed in his service. Musical instruments in

the house of God are, at least under the Gospel, repugnant to the

spirit of Christianity, and tend not a little to corrupt the

worship of God. Those who are fond of music in the theatre are

fond of it in the house of God when they go thither; and some,

professing Christianity, set up such a spurious worship in order

to draw people to hear the Gospel! This is doing evil that good

may come of it; and by this means, light and trifling people are

introduced into the Church of Christ, and when in, are generally

very troublesome, hard to be pleased, and difficult to be saved.

Verse 50. These are the sons of Aaron] We have already had a

list of these, (see 1Ch 6:3-16;) this is a second, but less

extensive, and is a proof that the writer of this book had several

lists before him, from which he borrowed as he judged proper.

Verse 54. Theirs was the lot.] All the tribes and families

obtained their respective inheritances by lot, but to the sons of

Aaron was the first lot; and so the Syriac and Arabic have

understood this place. The first lot, says Jarchi, fell to Judah,

that they might give to the priests and the Levites the cities

marked below. See an account of the possessions of the priests and

Levites, Josh. 20, 21.

Verse 60. All their cities-were thirteen] But there are only

eleven reckoned here, Gibeon and Juttah being omitted, and the

names of some of the others changed. None of the versions give the

full number of names, although they all give the whole sum


Verse 65. Which are called by their names.] Probably each family

gave its own name to the city that fell to its lot.

Verse 69. Aijalon with her suburbs] There are the two cities

wanting here, Eltekeh and Gibethon. See Jos 21:23.

Verse 71. - 77. We shall see from Jos 21:28, &c., that several

of these cities have different names.

How barren to us is this register, both of incident and

interest! and yet, as barren rocks and sandy deserts make integral

and necessary parts of the globe; so do these genealogical tables

make necessary parts of the history of providence and grace in the

maintenance of truth, and the establishment of the Church of

Christ. Therefore no one that fears God will either despise or

lightly esteem them.

Verse 72. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

Verse 73. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

Verse 74. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

Verse 75. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

Verse 76. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

Verse 77. See Clarke on 1Ch 6:71.

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