1 Chronicles 7


The genealogy of Issachar,1-5.

Of Benjamin, 6-12.

Of Naphtali, 13.

Of Manasseh, 14-19.

Of Ephraim, 20-29.

And of Asher, 30-40.


Verse 2. Whose number was in the days of David] Whether this was

the number returned by Joab and his assistants, when they made

that census of the people with which God was so much displeased,

we know not. It is worthy of remark that we read here the sum of

three tribes, Benjamin, Issachar, and Asher, under the reign of

David, which is mentioned nowhere else; and yet we have no account

here of the other tribes, probably because the author found no

public registers in which such enumeration was recorded.

Verse 3. The sons of lzrahiah-five] There are, however, only

four names in the text. Instead of five, the Syriac and Arabic

read four. If five be the true reading, then Izrahiah must be

reckoned with his four sons.

Verse 6. The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher and Jediael] In

Ge 46:21,

ten sons of Benjamin are reckoned; viz., Bela, Becher, Ashbel,

Gera, Naaman, Eri, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. In Nu 26:38,

&c., five sons only of Benjamin are mentioned, Bela, Ashbel,

Ahiram, Shupham, and Hupham: and Ard and Naaman are there said to

be the sons of Bela; consequently grandsons of Benjamin. In the

beginning of the following chapter, five sons of Benjamin are

mentioned, viz., Bela, Ashbel, Aharah, Nohah, and Rapha; where

also Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, a second Gera,

Shephuphan, and Huram, are all represented as grandsons, not

sons, of Benjamin: hence we see that in many cases grandsons are

called sons, and both are often confounded in the genealogical

tables. To attempt to reconcile such discrepancies would be a task

as endless as it would be useless. The rabbins say that Ezra, who

wrote this book, did not know whether some of these were sons or

grandsons; and they intimate also that the tables from which he

copied were often defective, and here we must leave all such


Verse 21. Whom the men of Gath-slew] We know nothing of this

circumstance but what is related here. The Targum paraphrases the

whole thus: "These were the leaders of the house of Ephraim; and

they computed their period [or boundary, kitsa] from the time

in which the Word of the Lord of the universe spake with Abraham

between the divisions, [i.e., the separated parts of the covenant

sacrifice; see Ge 15:9-21,] but they erred, for they should have

counted from the time in which Isaac was born; they went out of

Egypt therefore thirty years before the period: for, thirty years

before the birth of Isaac the Word of the Lord of the universe

spake with Abraham between the divisions. And when they went out

of Egypt, there were with them two hundred thousand warriors of

the tribe of Ephraim, whom the men of Gath, the natives of the

land of the Philistines, slew, because they came down that they

might carry away their cattle. 22.-And Ephraim their father

mourned for them many days, and all his brethren came to comfort

him. 23.-And he went in to his wife, and she conceived and bare a

son, and called his name Beriah, ( in evil,) because he was

born in the time in which this evil happened to his house."

Verse 24. His daughter was Sherah] That is, remnant; "called

so," says the Targum, "because she was the remnant that escaped

from the slaughter mentioned above."

Verse 32. And Shua their sister.] It is very rarely that women

are found in the Jewish genealogies, and they are never inserted

but for especial reasons.

Verse 40. The children of Asher] The rabbins say that the

daughters of Asher were very beautiful, and were all matched with

kings or priests. Several things relative to the subjects in

this chapter may be found explained in the parallel places marked

in the margin.

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