1 Chronicles 8

CHAPTER VIII

The genealogy of Benjamin down to Saul, 1-32.

The children and descendants of Saul, 33-40.

NOTES ON CHAP. VIII

Verse 1. Now Benjamin begat, &c.] See what has been said on the

preceding chapter, see 1Ch 7:6.

Verse 9. He begat of Hodesh his wife] In the preceding verse it

is said that Hushim and Baara were his wives; and here it is said

he begat of Hodesh his wife, &c. And then his children by Hushim

are mentioned, but not a word of Baara! It is likely therefore

that Hodesh was another name for Baara, and this is asserted by

the Targum: And he begot of Baara, that is Chodesh, his wife; so

called because he espoused her anew. It is supposed that he had

put her away before, and now remarried her.

Verse 12. Who built Ono, and Lod] The Targum adds, "Which the

children of Israel ravaged and burnt with fire, when they made war

on the tribe of Benjamin in Gibeah."

Verse 28. These were heads of the fathers] On the following

verses Dr. Kennicott has laboured hard to restore the true

reading. See his detailed comparison of these and their parallel

passages in his Hebrew Bible, vol. ii., p. 667.

Verse 29. And at Gibeon] This passage to the end of the 38th

verse is found with a little variety in the names, 1Ch 9:35-44.

The rabbins say that Ezra, having found two books that had these

passages with a variety in the names, as they agreed in general,

he thought best to insert them both, not being able to discern

which was the best.

His general plan was to collate all the copies he had, and to

follow the greater number when he found them to agree; those which

disagreed from the majority were thrown aside as spurious; and

yet, in many cases, probably the rejected copies contained the

true text.

If Ezra proceeded as R. Sol. Jarchi says, he had a very

imperfect notion of the rules of true criticism; and it is no

wonder that he has left so many faults in his text.

Verse 34. Merib-baal] The same as Mephibosheth, for, as the

Israelites detested Baal, which signifies lord, they changed it

into bosheth, which signifies shame or reproach.

Verse 40. The sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour] The Targum

speaks honourably of them: "The sons of Ulam were mighty and

strong men, subduing by wisdom their evil concupiscence, as men

bend a bow; therefore they had many sons and grandsons."

Of the six sons of Azel, mentioned 1Ch 8:38, R. S. Jarchi says

that their allegorical expositions were sufficient to load

thirteen thousand camels! No doubt these were reputed to be

deeply learned men. There was a time when the allegorizers and

metaphor-men ranked very high among theologians, even in our own

enlightened and critical country. At present they are almost

totally out of fashion. May they never recover their footing! But

what a shameful hyperbole is that of Jarchi! The writings of six

men a load for thirteen thousand camels!

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