1 Chronicles 16


David brings the ark into its tent; and offers sacrifices,

peace-offerings, and burnt-offerings, 1, 2;

and gives portions to the people of Israel, 3.

He appoints proper ministers and officers for the ark, 4-6.

He delivers a solemn thanksgiving on the occasion, 7-36.

How the different officers served at the ark, 37-42.

The people return home, 43.


Verse 2. He blessed the people] "He blessed the people in the

name of the WORD of the Lord."-T.

Verse 3. To every one a loaf of bread] A whole cake. A good

piece of flesh; "the sixth part of an ox, and the sixth part of a

hin of wine."-T. See 2Sa 6:18-20; see

Jarchi also.

Verse 5. Asaph] See the preceding chapter, 1Ch 15:17, &c.

Verse 7. David delivered first this psalm] I believe the meaning

of this place to be this: David made the psalm on the occasion

above specified; and delivered it to Asaph, who was the musician,

and to his brethren, to be sung by them in honour of what God had

done in behalf of his people.

Verse 10. That seek the Lord.] "That seek the WORD of the


Verse 12. Remember his marvellous works] The whole of the psalm

refers to God's wondrous actions among the nations in behalf of


Verse 22. Touch not mine anointed] By this title the patriarchs

are generally understood: they had a regal and sacerdotal power in

the order of God. In the behalf of the patriarchs God had often

especially interfered: in behalf of Abraham, Ge 12:17; 20:3; and

of Jacob, Ge 31:24; 34:26; 35:5. But the title may be applied to

all the Jewish people, who were the anointed, as they were the

elect and peculiar people of God. See on Heb 11:26.

Verse 31. Let the heavens be glad] "Let the supreme angels be

glad, and the inhabitants of the earth rejoice."-T. In this place

the Targumist uses the Greek word αγγελοι, angels, in Hebrew

letters thus, angeley.

Verse 35. Save us, O God of our salvation] As he is the saving

God, so we may pray to him to save us. To pray to God under the

attribute the influence of which we need, serves to inspire much

confidence. I am weak; Almighty God, help me! I am ignorant; O

thou Father of lights, teach me! I am lost; O merciful God,

save me; &c. See the notes on Psa. 96 and 105.

Verse 39. Zadok the priest] Both Zadok and Abiathar were high

priests at this time: the former David established at Gibeah, or

Gibeon, where the ark had been all the days of Saul; and the

latter he established at Jerusalem, where the ark now was: so

there were two high priests, and two distinct services; but there

was only one ark. How long the service at Gibeon was continued we

cannot tell; the principal functions were no doubt performed at


Verse 42. Musical instruments of God.] Ad canendum Deo, "to sing

to God."-Vulgate. τωνωδωντουθεου, "of the sons of

God."-Septuagint. The Syriac is remarkable: "These were upright

men who did not sing unto God with instruments of music, nor with

drums, nor with listra, nor with straight nor crooked pipes, nor

with cymbals; but they sang before the Lord Almighty with a joyous

mouth, and with a pure and holy prayer, and with innocence and

integrity." The Arabic is nearly the same. None of the versions

understand the words keley shir haelohim as

implying instruments of music of God, but instruments employed in

the song of God, or to praise God; as also the Targum. Query, Did

God ever ordain instruments of music to be used in his worship?

Can they be used in Christian assemblies according to the spirit

of Christianity? Has Jesus Christ, or his apostles, ever commanded

or sanctioned the use of them? Were they ever used any where in

the apostolic Church? Does the use of them at present, in

Christian congregations, ever increase the spirit of devotion?

Does it ever appear that bands of musicians, either in their

collective or individual capacity, are more spiritual, or as

spiritual, as the other parts of the Church of Christ? Is there

less pride, self-will, stubbornness, insubordination, lightness,

and frivolity, among such persons, than among the other professors

of Christianity found in the same religious society? Is it ever

remarked or known that musicians in the house of God have attained

to any depth of piety, or superior soundness of understanding, in

the things of God? Is it ever found that those Churches and

Christian societies which have and use instruments of music in

Divine worship are more holy, or as holy, as those societies which

do not use them? And is it always found that the ministers which

affect and recommend them to be used in the worship of Almighty

God, are the most spiritual men, and the most spiritual and useful

preachers? Can mere sounds, no matter how melodious, where no word

nor sentiment is or can be uttered, be considered as giving praise

to God? Is it possible that pipes or strings of any kind can give

God praise? Can God be pleased with sounds which are emitted by no

sentient being, and have in themselves no meaning? If these

questions cannot be answered in the affirmative: then, query, Is

not the introduction of such instruments into the worship of God

antichristian, and calculated to debase and ultimately ruin the

spirit and influence of the Gospel of Jesus Christ? And should not

all who wish well to the spread and establishment of pure and

undefiled religion, lift up their hand, their influence, and their

voice against them? The argument from their use in the Jewish

service is futile in the extreme when applied to Christianity.

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