1 Chronicles 22


David makes great preparations for building a temple to the

Lord, 1-5;

gives the necessary directions to Solomon concerning it, 6-16;

and exhorts the princes of Israel to assist in the undertaking,



Verse 1. David said, This is the house of the Lord] Till a

temple is built for his name, this place shall be considered the

temple of God; and on this altar, and not on that at Gibeon, shall

the burnt-offerings of Israel be made. David probably thought that

this was the place on which God designed that his house should be

built; and perhaps it was this that induced him to buy, not only

the threshing-floor, but probably some adjacent ground also, as

Calmet supposes, that there might be sufficient room for such a


Verse 2. The strangers that were in the land] Those who had

become proselytes to the Jewish religion, at least so far as to

renounce idolatry, and keep what were called the seven Noahic

precepts. These were to be employed in the more servile and

difficult parts of the work: see on 1Ki 9:21. For the account of

building the temple, see 1 Kings 5-9, and the notes there.

Verse 3. Irons-for the nails, &c.] Iron for bolts, bars, hinges,

&c., &c.

Verse 6. Solomon-is young and tender] He is as yet without

complete knowledge and due experience; and it is necessary that I

should make as much preparation for the work as I possibly can;

especially as the house is to be exceedingly magnificent.

Verse 8. Thou hast shed blood abundantly] Heathens, Jews, and

Christians, have all agreed that soldiers of any kind should have

nothing to do with Divine offices. Shedding of human blood but ill

comports with the benevolence of God or the spirit of the Gospel.

AEneas, overpowered by his enemies, while fighting for his

parents, his family, and his country, finding farther resistance

hopeless, endeavours to carry off his aged father, his wife, young

son, and his household gods; but as he was just come from

slaughter, he would not even handle these objects of superstition,

but confided them to his father, whom he took on his shoulders,

and carried out of the burning of Troy.

Tu, genitor, cape sacra manu, patriosque penates:

Me bello tanto digressum, et caede recenti,

Attrectare nefas; donec me flumine vivo


AEN. ii., ver. 717.

"Our country gods, our relics, and the bands,

Hold you, my father, in your guiltless hands:

In me 'tis impious holy things to bear,

Red as I am with slaughter, new from war;

Till, in some living stream, I cleanse the guilt

Of dire debate, and blood in battle spilt."


See the note at the end of 2Sa 7:25.

Verse 9. His name shall be Solomon] Shelomoh, from

shalam, he was peaceable; and therefore, says the Lord, alluding

to the name, I will give PEACE, SHALOM, in his days.

Verse 14. In my trouble I have prepared] Notwithstanding ail the

wars in which I have been engaged, all the treacheries with which

I have been surrounded, all the domestic troubles with which I

have been overwhelmed, I never lost sight of this great object,

the building of a house for God, that his worship might be

established in the land. I have curtailed my expenses, and have

lived in comparative poverty that I might save all I possibly

could for this building.

A hundred thousand talents of gold] A talent of gold weighed

three thousand shekels, and was worth five thousand and

seventy-five pounds, fifteen shillings, and seven pence

half-penny. One hundred thousand such talents would therefore

amount to five hundred and seven millions, five hundred and

seventy-eight thousand, one hundred and twenty-five pounds

sterling. These sums are variously computed by several writers.

A thousand thousand talents of silver] A talent of silver

weighed three thousand shekels, and was worth three hundred and

fifty-three pounds, eleven shillings, and ten pence. A thousand

thousand, or a million, of such talents would amount to the

immense sum of three hundred and fifty-three millions, five

hundred and ninety-one thousand, six hundred and sixty-six pounds,

thirteen shillings, and four pence, sterling; both sums amounting

to eight hundred and sixty-one millions, one hundred and

sixty-nine thousand, seven hundred and ninety-one pounds, thirteen

shillings, and four pence.

Thou mayest add thereto.] Save as I have saved, out of the

revenues of the state, and thou mayest also add something for the

erection and splendour of this house. This was a gentle though

pointed hint, which was not lost on Solomon.

Verse 18. Is not the Lord your God with you?] "Is not the WORD

of the Lord your God your assistant?"-T.

Hath he not given you rest on every side?] David at this time

was not only king of Judea, but had also subdued most of the

surrounding nations.

Thus Solomon came to the Jewish throne with every possible

advantage. Had he made a proper use of his state and of his

talents, he would have been the greatest as well as the wisest of

sovereigns. But alas! how soon did this pure gold become dim! He

began with an unlawful matrimonial connection; this led him to a

commerce that was positively forbidden by the law of God: he then

multiplied his matrimonial connections with heathen women; they

turned his heart away from God, and the once wise and holy Solomon

died a fool and an idolater.

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