2 Chronicles 12


Rehoboam and his subjects, forsaking the Lord, are delivered

into the hands of Shishak, king of Egypt, 1-4.

Shemaiah the prophet remonstrates with them, and they humble

themselves, and Jerusalem is not destroyed; but Shishak takes

away all the treasures, and the golden shields, instead of

which Rehoboam makes shields of brass, 5-12.

He reigns badly seventeen years, dies, and is succeeded by his

son Abijah, 13-16.


Verse 1. He forsook the law of the Lord] This was after the

three years mentioned 2Ch 11:17.

Verse 2. Shishak king of Egypt] Concerning this man, and the

motive which led him to attack the Jews, see the note on

1Ki 14:31.

Transgressed against the Lord] "Against the WORD of the


Verse 3. The Lubims] Supposed to be a people of Libya, adjoining

to Egypt; sometimes called Phut in Scripture, as the people are

called Lehabim and Ludim.

The Sukkiims] The Troglodytes, a people of Egypt on the coast of

the Red Sea. They were called Troglodytes, τρωγλοδυταιοιτας

τρωγλαςοικουντες, "because they dwelt in caves."-Hesych. This

agrees with what Pliny says of them, Troglodytae specus excavant,

haec illis domus; "The Troglodytes dig themselves caves; and these

serve them for houses." This is not very different from the import

of the original name Sukkiyim, from sachah, to

cover or overspread; (hence such, a tabernacle;) the

people who were covered (emphatically) under the earth. The

Septuagint translate by the word τρωγλοδυται, Troglodytes.

The Ethiopians.] Cushim. Various people were called by

this name, particularly a people bordering on the northern coast

of the Red Sea; but these are supposed to have come from a country

of that name on the south of Egypt.

Verse 6. Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled

themselves] This is not mentioned in the parallel place,

1Ki 14:25-29: this was the sole reason why Jerusalem was not at

this time totally destroyed, and the house of David entirely cut

off; for they were totally incapable of defending themselves

against this innumerable host.

Verse 8. They shall be his servants] They shall be preserved,

and serve their enemies, that they may see the difference between

the service of God and that of man. While they were pious, they

found the service of the Lord to be perfect freedom; when they

forsook the Lord, they found the fruit to be perfect bondage. A

sinful life is both expensive and painful.

Verse 9. Took away the treasures] Such a booty as never had

before, nor has since, come into the hand of man.

The shields of gold] These shields were the mark of the king's

body-guard: it was in imitation of this Eastern magnificence that

Alexander constituted his Argyraspides, adorned with the spoils

taken from Darius. See Quintus Curtius, lib. viii., c. 5, et


Verse 13. Was one and forty years old] Houbigant thinks he was

but sixteen years old when he began to reign; and brings many and

forcible arguments to prove that the number forty-one must be a

mistake. That he was young when he came to the throne, is evident

from his consulting the young men that were brought up with him,

2Ch 10:8, 10. They were

young men then; and if he was brought up with them, he must have

been young then also. Besides, Abijah, in his speech to Jeroboam,

2Ch 13:7, says that at the time Rehoboam came to the throne he

was tender-hearted, and therefore could not withstand the children

of Belial raised up against him by Jeroboam: but surely at that

time no man could be reputed young and tender-hearted-quite devoid

of experience, who was above forty years of age. Besides, if this

reading were allowed, it would prove that he was born before his

father Solomon began to reign, for Solomon reigned only forty

years, and Rehoboam immediately succeeded him.

Verse 15. Concerning genealogies] "In the book of the genealogy

of the family of David."-Targum.

Verse 16. Abijah his son] Concerning the many varieties in this

king's name, See Clarke on 1Ki 14:31.

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