2 Chronicles 22

CHAPTER XXII

Ahaziah beans to reign; and reigns wickedly under the counsels

of his bad mother, 1-4.

He is slain by Jehu, who destroys all the house of Ahab, 5-9.

Athaliah destroys all the seed royal of Judah, except Joash,

who is hidden by his nurse in the temple six years, 10-12.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXII

Verse 1. Made Ahaziah his youngest son king] All the others had

been slain by the Arabians, &c.; see the preceding chapter,

2Ch 21:17.

Verse 2. Forty and two years old was Ahaziah]

See Clarke on 2Ki 8:26. Ahaziah might have been

twenty-two years old, according to 2Ki 8:26, but he could not

have been forty-two, as stated here, without being two years older

than his own father! See the note there. The Syriac and Arabic

have twenty-two, and the Septuagint, in some copies, twenty. And

it is very probable that the Hebrew text read so originally; for

when numbers were expressed by single letters, it was easy to

mistake mem, FORTY, for caph, TWENTY. And if this book

was written by a scribe who used the ancient Hebrew letters, now

called the Samaritan, the mistake was still more easy and

probable, as the difference between [Samaritan] caph and

[Samaritan] mem is very small, and can in many instances be

discerned only by an accustomed eye.

The reading in 2Ki 8:26 is

right, and any attempt to reconcile this in Chronicles with that

is equally futile and absurd. Both readings cannot be true; is

that therefore likely to be genuine that makes the son two years

older than the father who begat him? Apage hae nugae!

Verse 3. His mother was his counsellor] Athaliah, the wicked

daughter of a wicked parent, and the wicked spouse of an

unprincipled king.

Verse 5. Went with Jehoram] See on 2Ki 8:28.

Verse 9. He sought Ahaziah] See a different account 2Ki 9:27,

and the note there, where the accounts are reconciled.

Verse 10. All the seed royal of the house of Judah] Nothing but

the miraculous intervention of the Divine providence could have

saved the line of David at this time, and preserved the prophecy

relative to the Messiah. The whole truth of that prophecy, and the

salvation of the world, appeared to be now suspended on the

brittle thread of the life of an infant of a year old, (see

2Ch 24:1,) to destroy whom was the interest of the reigning

power! But God can save by few as well as by many. He had

purposed, and vain were the counter-exertions of earth and hell.

Verse 12. Hid in the house of God] "In the house of the

sanctuary of God."-Targum. Or, as he says on 2Ch 22:11,

bekudash kudeshaiya "in the holy of holies." To this place

Athaliah had no access, therefore Joash lay concealed, he and his

affectionate aunt-nurse.-See on 2Ki 11:1.

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