2 Chronicles 25


Amaziah succeeds his father Joash, and begins his reign well,

1, 2.

He slays his father's murderers but spares their children, 3, 4.

He reviews and remodels the army, 5;

and hires a hundred thousand soldiers out of Israel, whom, on

the expostulation of a prophet, he sends home again, without

bringing them into active service; at which they are greatly

offended, 6-10.

He attacks the Syrians, kills ten thousand, and takes ten

thousand prisoners, whom he precipitates from the top of a

rock, so that they are dashed to pieces, 11, 12.

The Israelitish soldiers, sent back, ravage several of the

cities of Judah, 13.

Amaziah becomes an idolater, 14.

Is reproved by a prophet, whom he threatens, and obliges to

desist, 15, 16.

He challenges Joash, king of Israel, 17;

who reproves him by a parable, 18, 19.

Not desisting, the armies meet, the Jews are overthrown, and

Amaziah taken prisoner by Joash, who ravages the temple, and

takes away all the treasures of the king, 20-24.

The reign of Amaziah: a conspiracy is formed against him; he

flees to Lachish, whither he is pursued and slain; is brought

to Jerusalem, and buried with his fathers, 25-28.


Verse 2. He did that which was right] He began his reign well,

but soon became an idolater, 2Ch 25:14,15.

Verse 5. Gathered Judah together] He purposed to avenge himself

of the Syrians, but wished to know his military strength before he

came to a rupture.

Verse 7. The Lord is not with Israel] "The WORD of the Lord is

not the helper of the Israelites, nor of the kingdom of the tribe

of Ephraim."-Targum.

Verse 9. The Lord is able to give thee much more than this.]

Better lose the money than keep the men, for they will be a curse

unto thee.

Verse 10. They returned home in great anger] They thought they

were insulted, and began to meditate revenge. See the notes on

2Ki 14:1-20, where almost every circumstance in this chapter is

examined and explained.

Verse 14. The gods of the children of Seir] "The idols of the

children of Gebal."-Targum.

Verse 16. Art thou made of the king's counsel?] How darest thou

give advice to, or reprove, a king?

Verse 18. The thistle that was in Lebanon] See the explanation

of this 2Ki 14:9. After reciting this fable, the

Targum adds, "Thus hast thou done in the time thou didst send

unto me, and didst lead up from the house of Israel a hundred

thousand strong warriors for a hundred talents of silver: and

after they were sent, thou didst not permit them to go with thee

to war, but didst send them back, greatly enraged, so that they

spread themselves over the country; and having cut off three

thousand, they brought back much spoil."

Verse 24. In the house of God with Obed-edom] From 1Ch 26:15 we

learn that to Obed-edom and his descendants was allotted the

keeping of the house of Asuppim or collections for the Divine


And-the hostages] See on 2Ki 14:14.

Verse 26. The rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last] Says

the Targum; "The first, when he walked in the fear of the Lord,

the last, when he departed from the right way before the Lord; are

they not written," &c.

Verse 27. Made a conspiracy] He no doubt became very unpopular

after having lost the battle with the Israelites; the consequence

of which was the dismantling of Jerusalem, and the seizure of the

royal treasures, with several other evils. It is likely that the

last fifteen years of his reign were greatly embittered: so that,

finding the royal city to be no place of safety, he endeavoured to

secure himself at Lachish; but all in vain, for thither his

murderers pursued him; and he who forsook the Lord was forsaken by

every friend, perished in his gainsaying, and came to an untimely


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