2 Chronicles 3

CHAPTER III

Solomon begins to build the temple in the fourth year of his

reign on Mount Moriah, 1, 2.

Its dimensions, ornaments, and pillars, 3-17.

NOTES ON CHAP. III

Verse 1. In Mount Moriah] Supposed to be the same place where

Abraham was about to offer his son Isaac; so the Targum: "Solomon

began to build the house of the sanctuary of the Lord at

Jerusalem, in the place where Abraham had prayed and worshipped in

the name of the Lord. This is the place of the earth where all

generations shall worship the Lord. Here Abraham was about to

offer his son Isaac for a burnt-offering; but he was snatched away

by the WORD of the Lord, and a ram placed in his stead. Here Jacob

prayed when he fled from the face of Esau his brother; and here

the angel of the Lord appeared to David, at which time David built

an altar unto the Lord in the threshing-floor which he bought from

Araunah the Jebusite."

Verse 3. The length-after the first measure was threescore

cubits] It is supposed that the first measure means the cubit used

in the time of Moses, contradistinguished from that used in

Babylon, and which the Israelites used after their return from

captivity; and, as the books of Chronicles were written after the

captivity, it was necessary for the writer to make this remark,

lest it should be thought that the measurement was by the

Babylonish cubit, which was a palm or one-sixth shorter than the

cubit of Moses. See the same distinction observed by Ezekiel,

Eze 40:5; 43:13.

Verse 4. The height was a hundred and twenty] Some think this

should be twenty only; but if the same building is spoken of as in

1Ki 6:2, the height was only

thirty cubits. Twenty is the reading of the Syriac, the Arabic,

and the Septuagint in the Codex Alexandrinus. The MSS. give us no

help. There is probably a mistake here, which, from the similarity

of the letters, might easily occur. The words, as they now stand

in the Hebrew text, are meah veesrim, one hundred and

twenty. But probably the letters in mead, a hundred, are

transposed for ammah, a cubit, if, therefore, the aleph

be placed after the mem, then the word will be meah one

hundred; if before it the word will be ammah, a cubit;

therefore ammah esrim will be twenty cubits; and thus

the Syriac, Arabic, and Septuagint appear to have read. This will

bring it within the proportion of the other measures, but a

hundred and twenty seems too great a height.

Verse 6. Gold of Parvaim.] We know not what this place was; some

think it is the same as Sepharvaim, a place in Armenia or Media,

conquered by the king of Assyria, 2Ki 17:24, &c. Others, that it

is Taprobane, now the island of Ceylon, which Bochart derives

from taph, signifying the border, and Parvan, i.e., the coast of

Parvan. The rabbins say that it was gold of a blood-red colour,

and had its name from parim, heifers, being like to bullocks'

blood.

The Vulgate translates the passage thus: Stravit quoque

pavimentum templi pretiosissimo marmore, decore multo; porro aurum

erat probatissimum; "And he made the pavement of the temple of the

most precious marble; and moreover the gold was of the best

quality," &c.

Verse 9. The weight of the nails was fifty shekels] Bolts must

be here intended, as it should be preposterous to suppose nails of

nearly two pounds' weight.

The supper chambers] Probably the ceiling is meant.

Verse 17. He reared up the pillars] "The name of that on the

right hand was Jachin, because the kingdom of the house of David

was established; and the name of the left was Boaz, from the name

of Boaz the patriarch of the family of Judah, from whom all the

kings of the house of Judah have descended."-Targum. See on

1Ki 7:21; and see the parallel places for other matters

contained in this chapter.

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