2 Chronicles 31

CHAPTER XXXI

The people destroy all traces of idolatry throughout Judah,

Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh, 1.

Hezekiah reforms the state of religion in general; and the

tithes are brought in from all quarters, and proper officers

set over them, 2-13.

They bring to also the freewill-offerings, and regulate the

priests and Levites and their families, according to their

genealogies, 14-19.

Hezekiah does every thing in sincerity and truth, and is

prosperous, 20, 21.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXXI

Verse 1. Brake the images in pieces] This species of reformation

was not only carried on through Judah, but they carried it into

Israel; whether through a transport of religious zeal, or

whether with the consent of Hoshea the Israelitish king, we cannot

tell.

Verse 2. In the gates of the tents of the Lord.] That is, in the

temple; for this was the house, tabernacle, tent, and camp, of the

Most High.

Verse 3. The king's portion of his substance for the

burnt-offerings] It is conjectured that the Jewish kings, at least

from the time of David, furnished the morning and evening

sacrifice daily at their own expense, and several others also.

Verse 5. Brought-the first-fruits] These were principally for

the maintenance of the priests and Levites; they brought tithes of

all the produce of the field, whether commanded or not, as we see

in the instance of honey, which was not to be offered to the Lord,

Le 2:11, yet it appears it might be offered to the priests as

first-fruits, or in the way of tithes.

Verse 7. In the third month] "The month Sivan; the seventh,

Tisri."-Targum.

The heaps] The vast collections of grain which they had from the

tithes over and above their own consumption; see 2Ch 31:10.

Verse 11. To prepare chambers] To make granaries to lay up this

superabundance.

Verse 12. Shimei-was the next.] He was assistant to Cononiah.

Verse 15. And Miniamin] Instead of , Miniamin, ,

Benjamin, is the reading of three of Kennicott's and De Rossi's

MSS.; and this is the reading of the Vulgate, Syriac, Septuagint,

and Arabic.

Verse 17. From twenty years old] Moses had ordered that the

Levites should not begin their labour till they were thirty years

of age; but David changed this order, and obliged them to begin at

twenty.

Verse 20. Wrought-good and right and truth] Here is the proper

character of a worthy king: he is GOOD, and he does good; he is

UPRIGHT, and he acts justly and maintains justice; he is truly

RELIGIOUS, and he lives according to that truth which he receives

as a revelation from God.

Verse 21. He did it with all his heart] In every respect he was

a thoroughly excellent man, saw his duty to God and to his people,

and performed it with becoming zeal and diligence. May God ever

send such kings to the nations of the world; and may the people

who are blessed with such be duly obedient to them, and thankful

to the God who sends them!

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