2 Chronicles 7


Solomon having ended his prayer, the fire of the Lord comes

down from heaven and consumes the offerings, 1.

The people and the priests see this, and glorify God, and

offer sacrifices, 2-4.

Solomon offers twenty-two thousand oxen, and one hundred and

twenty thousand sheep; and the priests and Levites attend in

their offices, 5, 6.

He keeps the feast seven days, and the dedication of the altar

seven days, and dismisses the people, 7-11.

The Lord appears unto him by night, and assures him that he has

heard his prayer, 12-16;

promises him and his posterity a perpetual government, if they

be obedient, 17, 18;

but utter destruction should they disobey, and become idolaters,



Verse 1. The fire came down] The cloud had come down before, now

the fire consumes the sacrifice, showing that both the house and

the sacrifices were accepted by the Lord.

Verse 4. The king and all the people offered sacrifices] They

presented the victims to the priests, and they and the Levites

slew them, and sprinkled the blood: or perhaps the people

themselves slew them; and, having caught the blood, collected the

fat, &c., presented them to the priests to be offered as the law


Verse 5. Twenty and two thousand oxen, &c.] The amount of all

the victims that had been offered during the seven days of the

feast of tabernacles, and the seven days of the feast of the


Verse 8. The entering in of Hamath] "From the entrance of

Antioch to the Nile of Egypt."-Targum.

Verse 10. On the three and twentieth day] This was the ninth day

of the dedication of the temple; but in 1Ki 8:66 it is called the

eighth day. "The meaning is this," says Jarchi: "he gave them

liberty to return on the eighth day, and many of them did then

return: and he dismissed the remainder on the ninth, what is

called here the twenty-third, reckoning the fourteen days for the

duration of the two feasts; in all, twenty-three."

The Targum paraphrases this verse thus: "The people departed

with a glad heart, for all the good which God had done to David

his servant, on whose account the doors of the sanctuary were open

and for Solomon his son, because God had heard his prayer, and the

majesty of the Lord had rested on the house of the sanctuary and

for Israel, his people, because God had favourably accepted their

oblations, and the heavenly fire had descended, and, burning on

the altar, had devoured their sacrifices."

Verse 12. The Lord appeared to Solomon] This was a second

manifestation; see 1Ki 9:2-9, and the notes there. The

Targum says, "The WORD of the Lord appeared to Solomon."

Verse 13. Or if I send pestilence] "The angel of death."-Targum.

Verse 15. Now mine eyes shall be open] It shall be pleasing to

me in the sight of my WORD, that I should incline mine ear,"


Verse 18. There shall not fail thee a man] This promise was not

fulfilled, because the condition was not fulfilled; they forsook

God, and he cut them off, and the throne also.

Verse 20. Then will I pluck them up by the roots] How completely

has this been fulfilled! not only all the branches of the Jewish

political tree have been cut off, but the very roots have been

plucked up; so that the day of the Lord's anger has left them

neither root nor branch.

Verse 21. Shall be an astonishment] The manner in which these

disobedient people have been destroyed is truly astonishing: no

nation was ever so highly favoured, and none ever so severely and

signally punished.

Verse 22. Because they forsook the Lord] While they cleaved to

God, the most powerful enemy could make no impression on them; but

when they forsook him, then the weakest and most inconsiderable of

their foes harassed, oppressed, and reduced them to bondage and

misery. It was by no personal prowess, genuine heroism, or

supereminent military tactics, that the Jews were enabled to

resist and overcome their enemies; it was by the Divine power

alone; for, destitute of this, they were even worse than other


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