2 Chronicles 14


Asa succeeds his father Abijah, reigns piously, and has peace

for ten years, 1.

He makes a great reformation in Judah, and builds cities of

defense, 2-7.

His military strength, 8.

He is attacked by Zerah the Ethiopian, with an immense army;

Asa cries to the Lord, attacks the Ethiopians, and gives them

a total overthrow, 9-12.

He takes several of their cities, their cattle, &c., and

returns to Jerusalem, laden with spoils, 13-15.


Verse 1. The land was quiet ten years.] Calmet thinks these

years should be counted from the fifth to the fifteenth of Asa's


Verse 2. Did that which was good] He attended to what the law

required relative to the worship of God. He was no idolater,

though, morally speaking, he was not exempt from faults,

1Ki 15:14. He suppressed idolatry universally, and encouraged

the people to worship the true God: see 2Ch 14:3-5.

Verse 6. Fenced cities] To preserve his territories from

invasion, and strengthen the frontiers of his kingdom, see

2Ch 14:7.

Verse 8. Targets and spears] Probably targets with the dagger in

the centre, and javelins for distant fight.

Bare shields and drew bows] They were not only archers, but had

shield and sword for close fight.

Verse 9. Zerah the Ethiopian] Probably of that Ethiopia which

lay on the south of Egypt, near to Libya, and therefore the

Libyans are joined with them, 2Ch 16:8.

A thousand thousand] If this people had come from any great

distance, they could not have had forage for such an immense army.

Verse 11. Whether with many] The same sentiment as that uttered

by Jonathan, 1Sa 14:6, when he attacked the garrison of the


O Lord our God-we rest on thee] "Help us, O Lord our God;

because we depend on thy WORD, and in the name of thy WORD we come

against this great host."-Targum.

Verse 14. There was-much spoil in them.] These cities being on

the rear of this vast army, they had laid up much forage in them;

and to get this the Jews overthrew the whole.

Verse 15. Tents of cattle] Those which had carried the baggage

of the great army, and which they had left in such places as

abounded with pasture. Perhaps sheepfolds, enclosures for camels,

mules, &c., may also be intended. The discomfiture was great,

because God fought for the people; and the spoil was immense,

because the multitude was prodigious, indeed almost incredible, a

million of men in one place is almost too much for the mind to

conceive, but there may be some mistake in the numerals: it is

evident from the whole account that the number was vast and the

spoil great.

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