2 Chronicles 14CHAPTER XIV Asa succeeds his father Abijah, reigns piously, and has peace for ten years, 1. He makes a great reformation in Judah, and builds cities of defense, 2-7. His military strength, 8. He is attacked by Zerah the Ethiopian, with an immense army; Asa cries to the Lord, attacks the Ethiopians, and gives them a total overthrow, 9-12. He takes several of their cities, their cattle, &c., and returns to Jerusalem, laden with spoils, 13-15. NOTES ON CHAP. XIV Verse 1. The land was quiet ten years.] Calmet thinks these years should be counted from the fifth to the fifteenth of Asa's reign. Verse 2. Did that which was good] He attended to what the law required relative to the worship of God. He was no idolater, though, morally speaking, he was not exempt from faults, 1Ki 15:14. He suppressed idolatry universally, and encouraged the people to worship the true God: see 2Ch 14:3-5. Verse 6. Fenced cities] To preserve his territories from invasion, and strengthen the frontiers of his kingdom, see 2Ch 14:7. Verse 8. Targets and spears] Probably targets with the dagger in the centre, and javelins for distant fight. Bare shields and drew bows] They were not only archers, but had shield and sword for close fight. Verse 9. Zerah the Ethiopian] Probably of that Ethiopia which lay on the south of Egypt, near to Libya, and therefore the Libyans are joined with them, 2Ch 16:8. A thousand thousand] If this people had come from any great distance, they could not have had forage for such an immense army. Verse 11. Whether with many] The same sentiment as that uttered by Jonathan, 1Sa 14:6, when he attacked the garrison of the Philistines. O Lord our God-we rest on thee] "Help us, O Lord our God; because we depend on thy WORD, and in the name of thy WORD we come against this great host."-Targum. Verse 14. There was-much spoil in them.] These cities being on the rear of this vast army, they had laid up much forage in them; and to get this the Jews overthrew the whole. Verse 15. Tents of cattle] Those which had carried the baggage of the great army, and which they had left in such places as abounded with pasture. Perhaps sheepfolds, enclosures for camels, mules, &c., may also be intended. The discomfiture was great, because God fought for the people; and the spoil was immense, because the multitude was prodigious, indeed almost incredible, a million of men in one place is almost too much for the mind to conceive, but there may be some mistake in the numerals: it is evident from the whole account that the number was vast and the spoil great.
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