2 Chronicles 35


Josiah celebrates a passover, 1;

regulates the courses of the priests; assigns them, the

Levites, and the people, their portions; and completes the

greatest passover ever celebrated since the days of Solomon,


Pharaoh Necho passes with his army through Judea, 20.

Josiah meets and fights with him at Megiddo, and is mortally

wounded, 21-23.

He is carried to Jerusalem, where he dies, 24.

Jeremiah laments for him, 25.

Of his acts and deeds, and where recorded, 26, 27.


Verse 3. Put the holy ark in the house] It is likely that the

priests had secured this when they found that the idolatrous kings

were determined to destroy every thing that might lead the people

to the worship of the true God. And now, as all appears to be well

established, the ark is ordered to be put into its own place.

For an ample account of this passover and the reformation that

was then made, see on 2Ki 23:1, &c., and the places marked in the


Verse 11. They killed the passover] The people themselves might

slay their own paschal lambs, and then present the blood to the

priests, that they might sprinkle it before the altar; and the

Levites flayed them, and made them ready for dressing.

Verse 18. There was no passover like to that] "That which

distinguished this passover from all the former was," says Calmet,

"the great liberality of Josiah, who distributed to his people a

greater number of victims than either David or Solomon had done."

Verse 20. Necho king of Egypt] Pharaoh the lame, says the


Verse 21. God commanded me to make haste] The Targum gives a

curious turn to this and the following verse: "My idol commanded

me to make haste; refrain therefore from me and my idol which is

with me, that he betray thee not. When he heard him mention his

idol, he would not go back; and he hearkened not unto the words of

Necho, which he spake concerning his idol." Here is the rabbinical

excuse for the conduct of Josiah.

Verse 24. The second chariot] Perhaps this means no more than

that they took Josiah out of his own chariot and put him into

another, either for secrecy, or because his own had been disabled.

The chariot into which he was put might have been that of the

officer or aid-de-camp who attended his master to the war.

See Clarke on 2Ki 22:20.

Verse 25. Behold, they are written in the lamentations.] The

Hebrews had poetical compositions for all great and important

events, military songs, songs of triumph, epithalamia or marriage

odes, funeral elegies, &c. Several of these are preserved in

different parts of the historical books of Scripture, and these

were generally made by prophets or inspired men. That composed on

the tragical end of this good king by Jeremiah is now lost. The

Targum says, "Jeremiah bewailed Josiah with a great lamentation;

and all the chiefs and matrons sing these lamentations concerning

Josiah to the present day, and it was a statute in Israel annually

to bewail Josiah. Behold, these are written in the book of

Lamentations, which Baruch wrote down from the mouth of Jeremiah."

Verse 27. And his deeds, first and last] "The former things

which he did in his childhood, and the latter things which he did

in his youth; and all the judgments which he pronounced from his

eighth year, when he came to the kingdom, to his eighteenth,

when he was grown up, and began to repair the sanctuary of the

LORD; and all that he brought of his substance to the hand of

judgment, purging both the house of Israel and Judah from all

uncleanness; behold, they are written in the book of the Kings of

the house of Israel, and of the house of Judah."-Targum. These

general histories are lost; but in the books of Kings and

Chronicles we have the leading facts.

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