2 Chronicles 36


Jehoahaz made king on the death of his father Josiah, and

reigns only three months, 1, 2.

He is dethroned by the king of Egypt, and Jehoiakim his brother

made king in his stead, who reigns wickedly eleven years, and

is dethroned and led captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar, 3-8.

Jehoiachin is made king in his stead, and reigns wickedly three

months and ten days, and is also led captive to Babylon, 9, 10.

Zedekiah begins to reign, and reigns wickedly eleven years,

11, 12.

He rebels against Nebuchadnezzar, and he and his people cast all

the fear of God behind their backs; the wrath of God comes upon

them to the uttermost; their temple us destroyed; and the whole

nation is subjugated, and led into captivity, 13-21.

Cyrus, king of Persia, makes a proclamation to rebuild the

temple of the Lord, 22, 23.


Verse 1. Took Jehoahaz] It seems that after Necho had

discomfited Josiah, he proceeded immediately against Charchemish,

and in the interim, Josiah dying of his wounds, the people made

his son king.

Verse 3. The king of Egypt put him down] He now considered Judah

to be conquered, and tributary to him and because the people had

set up Jehoahaz without his consent, he dethroned him, and put his

brother in his place, perhaps for no other reason but to show his

supremacy. For other particulars, see the notes on 2Ki 23:31-35.

Verse 6. Came up Nebuchadnezzar] See Clarke on 2Ki 24:1.

Archbishop Usher believes that Jehoiakim remained three years

after this tributary to the Chaldeans, and that it is from this

period that the seventy years' captivity, predicted by Jeremiah,

is to be reckoned.

Verse 9. Jehoiachin was eight] See on 2Ki 24:6-15.

Verse 10. Made Zedekiah-king] His name was at first Mattaniah,

but the king of Babylon changed it to Zedekiah. See 2Ki 24:17,

and the notes there.

Verse 12. Did that which was evil] Was there ever such a set of

weak, infatuated men as the Jewish kings in general? They had the

fullest evidence that they were only deputies to God Almighty, and

that they could not expect to retain the throne any longer than

they were faithful to their Lord; and yet with all this conviction

they lived wickedly, and endeavoured to establish idolatry in the

place of the worship of their Maker! After bearing with them long,

the Divine mercy gave them up, as their case was utterly hopeless.

They sinned till there was no remedy.

Verse 19. They burnt the house of God] Here was an end to the

temple; the most superb and costly edifice ever erected by man.

Brake down the wall of Jerusalem] So it ceased to be a fortified


Burnt all the palaces] So it was no longer a dwelling-place for

kings or great men.

Destroyed all the goodly vessels] Beat up all the silver and

gold into masses, keeping only a few of the finest in their own

shape. See 2Ch 36:18.

Verse 21. To fulfill the word of the Lord] See

Jer 25:9, 12; 26:6, 7; 29:12. For the miserable death of

Zedekiah, see 2Ki 25:4, &c.

Verse 22. Now in the first year of Cyrus] This and the following

verse are supposed to have been written by mistake from the book

of Ezra, which begins in the same way. The book of the Chronicles,

properly speaking, does close with the twenty-first verse, as then

the Babylonish captivity commences, and these two verses speak of

the transactions of a period seventy years after. This was in the

first year of the reign of Cyrus over the empire of the East which

is reckoned to be A.M. 3468. But he was king of Persia from the

year 3444 or 3445. See Calmet and Usher.

Verse 23. The Lord his God be with him] "Let the WORD of the

Lord be his helper, and let him go up."-Targum. See the notes on

the beginning of Ezra. See Clarke on Ezr 1:1.

THUS ends the history of a people the most fickle, the most

ungrateful, and perhaps on the whole the most sinful, that ever

existed on the face of the earth. But what a display does all this

give of the power, justice, mercy, and long-suffering of the Lord!

There was no people like this people, and no God like their God.


The sum of the verses in both books of Chronicles is 1656.

Middle verse, 1Ch 27:25. Its Masoretic sections,


Having made particular remarks on every thing which I judged of

importance in these and the preceding historical books, and in the

course of this work having often found the want of a chronological

list of the kings of Israel and Judah, in the consecutive order of

their reigns; for the reader's information I have brought all the

facts into a synopsis or general view, so that he may see at once

the contemporary reigns in those two kingdoms, as well as the

leading facts by which their reigns were distinguished. In this

table will be seen, at one view, the year of the world; the year

before Christ; the year before and after the First Olympiad; the

year before and from the building of Rome; and under them the

Jewish history, from its first kings till the time in which its

regal state was entirely abolished, and both kingdoms led into

captivity, never more to arise to any political consequence till

they acknowledge the Lion of the tribe of Judah, and take Jesus

the Christ, the son and only legitimate heir of David, for their

Saviour and their Lord. I hope that the table which is here

subjoined will be found, in every point of view, both interesting

and instructive.


Millbrook, December 7, 1819.

Finished correcting the two books of Chronicles,

March 28th, 1828.-A. CLARKE.

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