2 Kings 24


Nebuchadnezzar brings Jehoiakim under subjection; who, after

three years, rebels, 1.

Bands of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites, invade

the land, 2-4.

Jehoiakim dies, and Jehoiachin his son reigns in his stead,

5, 6.

The Babylonians overcome the Egyptians, 7.

Nebuchadnezzar takes Jehoiachin and his family, and all his

treasures, and those of the temple, and all the chief people

and artificers, and carries them to Babylon, 8-16;

and makes Mattaniah, brother of Jehoiakim, king, who reigns

wickedly, and rebels against the king of Babylon, 17-20.


Verse 1. Nebuchadnezzar] This man, so famous in the writings of

the prophets, was son of Nabopolassar. He was sent by his father

against the rulers of several provinces that had revolted; and he

took Carchemish, and all that belonged to the Egyptians, from the

Euphrates to the Nile. Jehoiakim, who was tributary to Nechoh king

of Egypt, he attacked and reduced; and obliged to become tributary

to Babylon. At the end of three years he revolted; and then a

mixed army, of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites, was

sent against him, who ravaged the country, and took three thousand

and twenty-three prisoners, whom they brought to Babylon,

Jer 52:28.

Verse 2. According to the word of the Lord] See what Huldah

predicted, 2Ki 22:16, and see chap. 14, 15, and 16 of Jeremiah.

Verse 6. Jehoiachin his son] As this man reigned only three

months and was a mere vassal to the Babylonians, his reign is

scarcely to be reckoned; and therefore Jeremiah says of Jehoiakim,

He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David, Jer 36:30,

for at that time it belonged to the king of Babylon, and

Jehoiachin was a mere viceroy or governor. Jehoiachin is called

Jechonias in Mt 1:11.

Verse 7. The king of Egypt came not again] He was so crushed by

the Babylonians that he was obliged to confine himself within the

limits of his own states, and could no more attempt any conquests.

The text tells us how much he had lost by the Babylonians. See on

2Ki 24:1.

Verse 8. Jehoiachin was eighteen years old] He is called

Jeconiah, 1Ch 3:16, and

Coniah, Jer 22:24. In 2Ch 36:9, be is said to be only

eight years of age, but this must be a mistake; for we find

that, having reigned only three months, he was carried captive to

Babylon, and there he had wives; and it is very improbable that a

child between eight and nine years of age could have wives; and

of such a tender age, it can scarcely be said that, as a king, he

did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord. The place in

Chronicles must be corrupted.

That he was a grievous offender against God, we learn from

Jer 22:24, which the reader may consult; and in the man's

punishment, see his crimes.

Verse 12. Jehoiachin-went out] He saw that it was useless to

attempt to defend himself any longer; and he therefore surrendered

himself, hoping to obtain better terms.

Verse 13. He carried out thence all the treasures] It has been

remarked that Nebuchadnezzar spoiled the temple three times.-1. He

took away the greater part of those treasures when he took

Jerusalem under Jehoiakim: and the vessels that he took then he

placed in the temple of his god, Da 1:2. And these were the

vessels which Belshazzar profaned, Da 5:2; and which

Cyrus restored to Ezra, when he went up to Jerusalem, Ezr 1:2.

It was at this time that he took Daniel and his companions. 2. He

took the remaining part of those vessels, and broke them or cut

them in pieces, when he came the second tine against Jerusalem

under Jeconiah; as is mentioned here, 2Ki 24:13. 3. He pillaged

the temple, took away all the brass, the brazen pillars, brazen

vessels, and vessels of gold and silver, which he found there when

he besieged Jerusalem under Zedekiah, 2Ki 25:13-17.

Verse 14. He carried away all Jerusalem] That is, all the chief

men, the nobles, and artificers. Among these there were of mighty

men seven thousand; of craftsmen and smiths, one thousand.

Verse 17. Made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead]

He was the son of Josiah, and brother to Jehoiakim.

Changed his name to Zedekiah.] See Clarke on 2Ki 23:34.

Verse 19. He did-evil] How astonishing is this! not one of them

takes warning by the judgments of God, which fell on their sinful


Verse 20. Zedekiah rebelled] This was in the eighth year of his

reign: and he is strongly reproved for having violated the oath he

took to the king of Babylon: see 2Ch 36:13. This was the filling

up of the measure of iniquity; and now the wrath of God descends

upon this devoted king, city, and people, to the uttermost. See

the catastrophe in the next chapter.

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