2 Samuel 9


David inquires after the family of Jonathan, and is informed

of Mephibosheth his son, 1-4.

He sends for him and gives him all the land of Saul, 5-8;

and appoints Ziba the servant of Saul, and his family, to till

the ground for Mephibosheth, 9-13.


Verse 1. Is there yet any that is left] David recollecting the

covenant made with his friend Jonathan, now inquires after his

family. It is supposed that political considerations prevented him

from doing this sooner. Reasons of state often destroy all the

charities of life.

Verse 3. That I may show the kindness of God unto him?] That is,

the utmost, the highest degrees of kindness; as the hail of God,

is very great hail, the mountains of God, exceeding high

mountains: besides, this kindness was according to the covenant of

God made between him and the family of Jonathan.

Verse 4. Lo-debar.] Supposed to have been situated beyond

Jordan; but there is nothing certain known concerning it.

Verse 7. Will restore thee all the land] I believe this means

the mere family estate of the house of Kish, which David as king

might have retained, but which most certainly belonged, according

to the Israelitish law, to the descendants of the family.

And thou shalt eat bread at my table] This was kindness, (the

giving up the land was justice,) and it was the highest honour

that any subject could enjoy, as we may see from the reference

made to it by our Lord, Lu 22:30:

That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom. For such a

person David could do no more. His lameness rendered him unfit for

any public employment.

Verse 9. I have given unto thy master's son] Unless Ziba had

been servant of Jonathan, this seems to refer to Micha, son of

Mephibosheth, and so some understand it; but it is more likely

that Mephibosheth is meant, who is called son of Saul instead of

grandson. Yet it is evident enough that the produce of the land

went to the support of Micha, (see 2Sa 9:10,) for the father was

provided for at the table of David; but all the patrimony belonged

to Mephibosheth.

Verse 10. Thou therefore, and thy sons-shall till the land] It

seems that Ziba and his family had the care of the whole estate,

and cultivated it at their own expense, yielding the half of the

produce to the family of Mephibosheth. Ziba was properly the hind,

whose duty and interest it was to take proper care of the ground,

for the better it was cultivated the more it produced; and his

half would consequently be the greater.

Verse 11. So shall thy servant do.] The promises of Ziba were

fair and specious, but he was a traitor in his heart, as we shall

see in the rebellion of Absalom, and David's indulgence to this

man is a blot in his character; at this time however he suspected

no evil; circumstances alone can develope the human character. The

internal villain can be known only when circumstances occur which

can call his propensities into action; till then he may be reputed

an honest man.

Verse 13. Did eat continually at the king's table] He was fit

for no public office, but was treated by the king with the utmost

respect and affection.

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