Daniel 12


The proper conclusion to the great revolutions predicted in

this and the following chapters is the general resurrection,

of which the beginning of this chapter (if to be literally

understood) gives some intimation, 1-3.

Daniel is then commanded to shut up the words and to seal the

book to the time of the end, 4;

and is informed of the three grand symbolical periods of a

time, times, and a half, twelve hundred and ninety days and

thirteen hundred and thirty-five days, 4-12;

at the end of the last of which Daniel shall rest and stand

in his lot, 13.

It is generally thought by commentators that the termination

of the last period is the epoch of the FIRST resurrection.

See Re 20:4, 5.


Verse 1. And at that time Michael shall stand up] Michael the

archangel, as has already been observed, was ever reputed the

guardian of the Jewish people.

Every one that shall be found written in the book] All that

truly fear, love, and obey the Lord, On the phrase, "written in

the book, the book of life," &c., see the passages in the margin,

and the notes on those passages.

Verse 2. Many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth] This

prophecy has been referred to the future restoration of the Jews.

It will be also true of the state of mankind at the general


Verse 3. And they that be wise] Those who are thoroughly

instructed in Christ's word and doctrine, shall shine-shall be

eminently distinguished in the Christian Church by the holiness of

their lives, and the purity of their creed.

And they that turn many to righteousness] They who, by preaching

Christ crucified among their brethren, shall be the means of

converting them to the Christian faith; shall be as the

stars-bright luminaries in the Gospel kingdom of Jesus Christ.

This also may be applied to the case of holy and useful men,

particularly the faithful ministers of the Gospel, in the day of

judgment. See the parallel texts in the margin, and the notes on


Verse 4. Shut up the words, and seal the book] When a prophet

received a prediction concerning what was at a considerable

distance of time, he shut his book, did not communicate his

revelation for some time after. This Daniel was commanded to do,

Da 8:26. See also Isa 29:10, 11; Re 22:10. Among the

ancients, those were said to seal, who in the course of their

reading stamped the places of which they were yet doubtful, in

order to keep them in memory, that they might refer to then;

again, as not yet fully understood. This custom Salmasius, in his

book De modo Usurarum, p. 446, proves from Hesychius.

Many shall run to and fro] Many shall endeavour to search out

the sense; and knowledge shall be increased by these means; though

the meaning shall not be fully known till the events take place:

THEN the seal shall be broken, and the sense become plain. This

seems to be the meaning of this verse, though another has been put

on it, viz., "Many shall run to and fro preaching the Gospel of

Christ, and therefore religious knowledge and true wisdom shall be

increased." This is true in itself; but it is not the meaning of

the prophet's words.

Verse 5. Behold there stood other two] Probably two angels. We

know no more of them, unless they be the same as those called

saints, Da 8:13, which see. The

river was most likely the Tigris.

Verse 6. The man clothed in linen] Gabriel, in a human form.

Thus he is represented, Da 10:5.

Verse 7. Which was upon the waters] By this description, he was

standing on the water. This is very similar to the description of

the angel, Re 10:5, 6, and in the seventh verse there seems to be

a reference to this prophecy "a time, times, and a half." See the

note on Da 7:25.

Verse 8. I heard, but I understand not] Could not comprehend

what the time, times, and half time should refer to. These make

three years and a half of prophetic time, answering to one

thousand two hundred and sixty years.

Verse 9. The words are closed up] The prophecy shall not be

understood, but in its accomplishment; and then the depth of the

wisdom and providence of God will be clearly seen in these

matters. See on Da 12:4. We must wait "till the time of the end;"

and this, it appears from the following calculations, will not

arrive before the TWENTIETH CENTURY. We here see the reason why

these prophecies are at present so imperfectly understood. God has

sealed them.

Verse 10. Many shall be purified] During the interim, the great

work of God's providence and grace shall be carried on in the

salvation of men; who, in the midst of trials, temptations, and

difficulties, shall be purified and made white-be fully saved from

their sins.

None of the wicked shall understand] Because they are wicked,

and will continue in their sins, the eyes of their understanding

shall be closed, and their hearts hardened; so that they shall not

see the light of the glorious Gospel.

But the wise] Those who open their hearts to God, that he may

pour in his light, shall understand the things that make for their


Verse 11. From the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken

away] See the notes on Da 11:25-27.

The abomination that maketh desolate set up] I believe, with Bp.

Newton, that this is a proverbial phrase; and may be applied to

any thing substituted in the place of, or set up in opposition to,

the ordinances of God, his worship, his truth, &c. Adrian's

temple, built in the place of God's temple at Jerusalem, the

church of St. Sophia turned into a Mohammedan mosque, &c., &c.,

may be termed abominations that make desolate. Perhaps

Mohammedanism may be the abomination; which sprang up A.D. 612. If

we reckon one thousand two hundred and ninety years, Da 12:11,

from that time, it will bring us down to A.D. 1902, when we might

presume from this calculation, that the religion of the FALSE

PROPHET will cease to prevail in the world; which from the present

year, 1825, is distant only seventy-seven years.

Verse 12. Blessed is he that waiteth] He who implicitly depends

on God, expecting, as his truth cannot fail, that these

predictions shall be accomplished in due time.

And cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty

days.] This is seventy-five days more than what is included in the

three years and a half, or the time, times, and a half in the

seventh verse; and as we have met with so many instances of

prophetical days and years, this undoubtedly is another

instance; and as a day stands for a year, this must mean a period

of one thousand three hundred and thirty-five years, which period

is to bring all these wonders to an end, Da 12:6. But we are left

totally in the dark relative to the time from which these one

thousand three hundred and thirty-five years are to be reckoned.

If, however, we reckon them from the above epoch, A.D. 612, when

Mohammedanism arose, they lead us to A.D. 1947, when the

fullness of the Gentiles shall be brought in; and thus a final

closure of vision and prophecy be made, as then all the great

events relative to the salvation of men shall have taken place.

Wars and contentions will probably then cease over the whole

world; Jews and Gentiles become one fold, under one Shepherd and

Bishop of souls; and the triune God be properly worshipped and

glorified, from generation to generation, over the face of the

whole earth. But all these conjectures may be founded in darkness.

We have not chronological data; and "the times and seasons God has

reserved in his own power."

Verse 13. But go thou thy way till the end be] Here is proper

advice for every man. 1. Thou hast a way-a walk in life, which God

has assigned thee; walk in that way, it is thy way. 2. There will

be an end to thee of all earthly things. Death is at the door, and

eternity is at hand; go on to the end-be faithful unto death. 3.

There is a rest provided for the people of God. Thou shalt rest;

thy body, in the grave; thy soul, in the Divine favour here,

and finally in paradise. 4. As in the promised land there was a

lot for each of God's people, so in heaven there is a lot

for thee. Do not lose it, do not sell it, do not let thy enemy

rob thee of it. Be determined to stand in thy own lot at the end

of the days. See that thou keep the faith; die in the Lord Jesus,

that thou mayest rise and reign with him to all eternity. Amen.


Number of verses in this book, 357

Middle verse, Da 5:30

Masoretic sections, 7

Finished correcting for the press, March 1st, 1831.-A. C.

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