Deuteronomy 9


The people are informed that they shall shortly pass over

Jordan, and that God shall go over before them, to expel the

ancient inhabitants, 1-3.

They are cautioned not to suppose that it is on account of their

righteousness that God is to give them that land, 4-6.

They are exhorted to remember their various provocations of the

Divine Majesty, especially at Horeb, 7-14;

and how Moses interceded for them, and destroyed the golden

calf, 15-21.

How they murmured at Taberah, 22;

and rebelled at Kadesh-barnea, 23;

and had been perverse from the beginning, 24.

An account of the intercession of Moses in their behalf, 25-29.


Verse 1. Thou art to pass over Jordan this day]

haiyom, this time; they had come thirty-eight years before this

nearly to the verge of the promised land, but were not permitted

at that day or time to pass over, because of their rebellions; but

this time they shall certainly pass over. This was spoken about

the eleventh month of the fortieth year of their journeying, and

it was on the first month of the following year they passed over;

and during this interim Moses died.

Verse 5. For the wickedness of these nations] So then it was

not by any sovereign act of God that these people were cast out,

but for their wickedness; they had transgressed the law of their

Creator; they had resisted his Spirit, and could no longer be

tolerated. The Israelites were to possess their land, not because

they deserved it, but first, because they were less wicked than the

others; and secondly, because God thus chose to begin the great

work of his salvation among men. Thus then the Canaanites were

cut off, and the Israelites were grafted in; and the Israelites,

because of their wickedness, were afterwards cut off and the

Gentiles grafted in. Let the latter not be high-minded, but fear;

if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he spare

not thee. But let it be remembered that this land was originally

their own, and that the present possessors had no legal right to it.

Verse 10. Tables of stone] See Clarke on Ex 31:18,

and See Clarke on Ex 32:15; "Ex 32:16".

Verse 12. Thy people-have corrupted themselves] Debased

themselves by making and worshipping an Egyptian idol.

See Clarke on Ex 32:1, &c.

Verse 21. I took your sin, the calf which ye had made]

See this fully explained, Clarke "Ex 32:20".

Verse 22. At Kibroth-hattaavah] See Clarke on Nu 11:34.

Verse 27. Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob] As

if he had said: "These are their descendants, and the covenant was

made with those patriarchs in behalf of these." God bestows many

blessings on comparatively worthless persons, either for the sake

of their pious ancestors, or on account of the religious people

with whom they are connected; therefore union with the Church of

God is a blessing of no common magnitude. The reader will find the

grand subject of this chapter explained at large in the notes on

Exod. xxxi. and xxxii., to which he is particularly desired to


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