Ezekiel 11

CHAPTER XI

This chapter denounces the judgments of God against those

wicked persons who remained in Jerusalem and made a mock of

the types and predictions of the prophets, 1-13;

compare Eze 11:3 with Jer 1:13.

God promises to favour those who were gone into captivity, and

intimates their restoration from the Babylonish yoke, 14-21.

Then the shechinah, or symbol of the Divine Presence, is

represented forsaking the city, as in the foregoing chapter it

did the temple, 22, 23;

and the prophet returns in vision to the place from which he

set out, (Eze 8:1. &c.,)

in order to communicate his instructions to his brethren of the

captivity, 24, 25.

NOTES ON CHAP. XI

Verse 1. At the door of the gate five and twenty men] The same

persons, no doubt, who appear, Eze 8:16, worshipping the sun.

Jaazaniah the son of Azur] In Eze 8:16, we find a

Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan. If Shaphan was also called Azur,

they may be the same person. But it is most likely that there were

two of this name, and both chiefs among the people.

Verse 3. It is not near] That is, the threatened invasion.

This city is the caldron, and we be the flesh.] See the vision

of the seething pot, Jer 1:13. These infidels seem to say: "We

will run all risks, we will abide in the city. Though it be the

caldron, and we the flesh, yet we will share its fate: if it

perish, we will perish with it." Or they may allude to the above

prediction of Jeremiah, in order to ridicule it: "We were to have

been boiled long ago: but the fulfilment of that prediction is not

near yet."

Verse 7. Your slain-they are the flesh] Jerusalem is the

caldron, and those who have been slain in it, they are the

flesh; and though ye purpose to stay and share its fate, ye shall

not be permitted to do so, ye shall be carried into captivity.

Verse 9. And deliver you into the hands of strangers] This seems

to refer chiefly to Zedekiah and his family.

Verse 11. I will judge you in the border of Israel,] Though

Riblah was in Syria, yet it was on the very frontiers of Israel;

and it was here that Zedekiah's sons were slain, and his own eyes

put out.

Verse 13. Pelatiah the son of Benaiah died.] Most probably he

was struck dead the very hour in which Ezekiel prophesied against

him. His death appears to have resembled that of Ananias and

Sapphira, Ac 5:1, &c.

Verse 15. Get you far from the Lord] These are the words of the

inhabitants of Jerusalem, against those of Israel who had been

carried away to Babylon with Jeconiah. Go ye far from the Lord:

but as for us, the land of Israel is given to us for a possession,

we shall never be removed from it, and they shall never return to

it.

Verse 16. Yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary] Though

thus exiled from their own land, yet not forgotten by their God.

While in their captivity, I will dispense many blessings to them;

and I will restore them to their own land, Eze 11:17, from which

they shall put away all idolatry, Eze 11:18.

Verse 19. And I will give them one heart] A whole system of

renewed affections.

And I will put a new spirit within you] To direct and influence

these new affections.

And I will take the stony heart out of their flesh] That which

would not receive the impressions of my Spirit.

And will give them a heart of flesh] One that is capable of

receiving and retaining these impressions.

Verse 20. That they may walk in my statutes] The holiness of

their lives shall prove the work of God upon their hearts. Then it

shall appear that I am their God, because I have done such things

in them and for them; and their holy conduct shall show that

they are my people. See Clarke on Eze 36:25, &c.

Verse 21. But as for them whose heart walketh] Them whose

affections are attached to idolatry, they shall have such reward

as their idols can give them, and such a recompense as Divine

justice shall award them.

Verse 23. The glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the

city] This vision is no mean proof of the long-suffering of God.

He did not abandon this people all at once; he departed by little

and little. FIRST, he left the temple. SECONDLY, he stopped a

little at the gate of the city. THIRDLY, he departed entirely from

the city and went to the Mount of Olives, which lay on the east

side of the city. Having tarried there for some time to see i!

they would repent and turn to him-FOURTHLY, he departed to heaven.

The vision being now concluded, the prophet is taken away by the

Spirit of God into Chaldea, and there announces to the captive

Israelites what God had showed him in the preceding visions, and

the good that he had spoken concerning them; who at first did not

seem to profit much by them, which the prophet severely reproves.

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