Ezekiel 12


The prophet proceeds, by a variety of types and parables, to

convince those of the captivity that their brethren who were

left behind to sustain the miseries of a seige and the insults

of a conqueror, would be in a much worse condition than they

who were already settled in a foreign land. In the beginning of

this chapter he foretells the approaching captivity of Judah by

action instead of words, 1-7.

He predicts particularly the flight, capture, captivity, and

sufferings of Zedekiah and his followers, 8-16,

compared with Jer 52:11.

He is to eat his food with trembling and signs of terror, as an

emblem of the consternation of the Jews when surrounded by

their enemies, 17-20;

and then he answers the objections and bywords of scoffers and

infidels, who either disbelieved his threatening or supposed

the accomplishment of them very distant, 21-28.

Josephus (Antiq. xi. 10) tells us that Zedekiah thought the

prophecy of Ezekiel in the thirteenth verse inconsistent with

that of Jeremiah, (Jer 34:3,)

and resolved to believe neither. Both, however, were literary

fulfilled; and the event convinced him that they were not

irreconcilable. Thus, blinded by infidelity, sinners rush on to

that detruction against which they are sufficiently warned.


Verse 2. Which have eyes to see, and see not] It is not want of

grace that brings them to destruction. They have eyes to see,

but they will not use them. No man is lost because he had not

sufficient grace to save him, but because he abused that grace.

Verse 3. Prepare thee stuff for removing] Get carriages to

transport thy goods to another place; signifying by this the

captivity that was at hand.

Verse 5. Dig thou through the wall] This refers to the manner in

which Zedekiah and his family would escape from the city. They

escaped by night through a breach in the wall. See Jer 39:2-4;

and 2Ki 25:4.

Verse 6. Thou shalt cover thy face, that thou see not the

ground] Referring to the blinding of Zedekiah: even the covering

of the face might be intended to signify that in this way Zedekiah

should be carried to Babylon on men's shoulders in some sort of

palanquin, with a cloth tied over his eyes, because of the

recent wounds made by extracting them. All the prophecies from

this to the twentieth chapter are supposed to have been delivered

in the sixth year of Zedekiah, five years before the taking of

Jerusalem. How accurate the prediction! and how exactly fulfilled!

Verse 10. This burden] This prediction concerning the prince. By

this I point out the capture, misery, and ruin of Zedekiah.

Verse 13. I will bring-him to Babylon-yet shall he not see it]

Because Nebuchadnezzar caused him to have his eyes put out at

Riblah. To Babylon he was carried in his blind state, and there

he died. In saying, My net also will I spread upon him, there is

probably a reference to an ancient manner of fighting. One, who

was called the retiarius, had a small casting net, which if he

could throw over his antagonist's head, he then despatched him

with his sword; if he missed his throw, he was obliged to run in

order to get his net once more adjusted for another throw. In the

mean time the other pursued him with all his speed to prevent

this, and to despatch him; hence he was called secutor: the first

the netman, the second the pursuer.

Verse 18. Eat thy bread with quaking] Assume the manner of a

person who is every moment afraid of his life, who has nothing but

a morsel of bread to eat, and a little water to drink. Thus

signifying the siege, and the straits to which they should be

reduced. See this explained, Eze 12:19.

Verse 22. The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth?]

These are the words of the infidels and scoffers, who, because

vengeance was not speedily executed on an evil work, set their

heart to do iniquity. "These predictions either will not come in

our days, or will wholly fail; why then should we disquiet

ourselves about them?" Strange, that the very means used by the

most gracious God to bring sinners to repentance, should be made

by them the very instruments of their own destruction! See

2Pe 3:4.

Verse 23. The days are at hand] Far from failing or being

prolonged, time is posting on, and the destruction threatened is

at the door.

Verse 25. In your days-will I say the word, and will perform it]

Even these mockers shall live to see and feel this desolation.

This is more particularly intimated in the following verses.

Verse 28. There shall none of my words be prolonged any more] He

had waited to be gracious; they abused his mercy; and at last the

protracted wrath rushed upon them with irresistible force.

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