Ezekiel 25

CHAPTER XXV

This chapter contains threatenings of the heavy judgments of

God against the Ammonites, 1-7;

Moabites, 8-11;

Edomites, 12-14;

and Philistines, 15-17;

on account of their hatred to his people, and their insulting

them in the time of their distress. These prophecies were

fulfilled by the instrumentality of Nebuchadnezzar, about five

years after the destruction of Jerusalem. The same events were

predicted by several of the other prophets, as may be seen from

the citation of parallel texts in the margin.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXV

Verse 1. The word of the Lord] The chronological order of this

chapter is after Eze 33:21, &c. See Abp.

Newcome.

Verse 2. Set thy face against the Ammonites] We have already

seen, Eze 21:19, &c., that when Nebuchadnezzar left Babylon he

was in doubt whether he should besiege Riblath, the capital of the

Ammonites, or Jerusalem, the capital of the Jews, first: and

having used his divination. he was determined, by the result, to

attack Jerusalem the first. He did so; and the Ammonites, seeing

the success of his arms, made friends with him, and exulted in the

ruin of the Jews. God resents this, and predicts their downfall

with that of Edom, Moab, and the Philistines. The fulfilment of

this prediction is not noted in Scripture: but Josephus tells us,

that about five years after the taking of Jerusalem,

Nebuchadnezzar turned his arms against the Ammonites and Moabites,

and afterwards against Egypt; and having subdued those nations, he

returned to Babylon. Joseph. Antiq., l. x., c. ii. Berosus states,

as quoted by Josephus, contra App., that Nebuchadnezzar subdued

Syria, Arabia, Phoenicia, and Egypt: and consequently, that he had

brought under his dominion the Ammonites, Moabites, and Idumeans,

who were included among the Philistines. See Calmet.

Verse 4. Will deliver thee to the men of the east] Probably the

Scenite Arabs, Ishmaelites, and people of Kedar, who seized upon

the provinces of the vanquished Ammonites, &c. The following

description suits this people only, living on fruits, the milk of

their flocks, using camels, &c. Some think the people of the east

mean the Chaldeans.

Verse 7. I will cause thee to perish] Except in history, the

name of the Ammonites does not now exist.

Verse 8. Moab and Seir do say] Seir means the Idumeans. It

appears that both these, with the Ammonites, had made a league

with Zedekiah, Jer 27:3, which they did not keep; and it is

supposed that they even joined with the Chaldeans.

Verse 9. I will open the side] ketheph, the shoulder, the

strongest frontier place. Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and

Kiriathaim were strong frontier towns of Moab.

Verse 10. That the Ammonites] The Syriac has, "That Rabbah of

the sons of Ammon be not remembered."

Verse 12. Because that Edom hath dealt] The Edomites were the

most inveterate enemies of the Jews from the very earliest times,

and ever did all that they could to annoy them.

Verse 13. I will make it desolate from Teman] Teman and Dedan

were both cities of the Moabites, and apparently at each extremity

of the land.

Verse 14. I will lay my vengeance upon Edom] God will not allow

men to insult those whom he has cast down. His judgment is

sufficient; to add more is an insult to God.

By the hand of my people Israel] This was fulfilled by the

Maccabees, who not only defeated them and brought them under

complete subjection, but obliged them to receive circumcision,

Joseph. Antiq. l. xiii., c. 17; 1Macc 5:65; 2Macc 10:16.

Verse 15. Because the Philistines] They were as inimical to the

Jews as the Ammonites, &c., were. Nebuchadnezzar punished them

because they had assisted the Tyrians during the time he was

besieging their city.

I will cut off the Cherethims] See Clarke on 2Sa 8:18.

The remnant of the sea coasts.] The different seignories of the

Philistines inhabited the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, from

Judea to Egypt. For other matters relative to these prophecies,

see the passages in the margin.

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