Ezekiel 30


This chapter describes, with great force and elegance, the ruin

of Egypt and all her allies by the Chaldeans under

Nebuchadnezzar, 1-11;

with an amplification of the distress of the principal cities

of Egypt on that occasion, 12-19.

The remaining verses are a short prophecy relating to the same

event, and therefore annexed to the longer one preceding,

although this was predicted sooner, 20-26.


Verse 2. Howl ye, Wo worth the day!] My Old MS. Bible,-Soule gee,

woo woo to the day! heylilu, hah laiyom! "Howl ye,

Alas for the day!" The reading in our present text is taken from

Coverdale's Bible, 1535. The expressions signify that a most

dreadful calamity was about to fall on Egypt and the neighbouring

countries, called here the "time of the heathen," or of the

nations; the day of calamity to them. They are afterwards

specified, Ethiopia, Libya, Lydia, and Chub, and the mingled

people, probably persons from different nations, who had followed

the ill fortune of Pharaoh-hophra or Pharaoh-apries, when he fled

from Amasis, and settled in Upper Egypt.

Verse 5. Lydia] This place is not well known. The Ludim were

contiguous to Egypt, Ge 10:13.

Chub] The Cubians, placed by Ptolemy in the Mareotis. But

probably instead of vechub, "and Chub," we should read

vechol, "and ALL the men of the land," &c. The Septuagint adds

"the Persians and the Cretans."

Verse 7. Shall be desolate] All these countries shall be

desolated, and the places named shall be chief in these


Verse 9. Messengers go forth from me in ships] Ships can ascend

the Nile up to Syene or Essuan, by the cataracts; and when

Nebuchadnezzar's vessels went up, they struck terror into the

Ethiopians. They are represented here as the "messengers of God."

Verse 12. I will make the rivers dry] As the overflowing of the

Nile was the grand cause of fertility to Egypt, the drying it up,

or preventing that annual inundation, must be the cause of dearth,

famine, &c. By rivers, we may understand the various canals cut

from the Nile to carry water into the different parts of the land.

When the Nile did not rise to its usual height these canals were

quite dry.

Verse 13. Their images to cease out of Noph] Afterwards Memphis,

and now Cairo or Kahira. This was the seat of Egyptian idolatry;

the place where Apis was particularly worshipped.

No more a prince of the land of Egypt] Not one, from that time

to the present day. See Clarke on Eze 29:14.

Verse 14. I will make Pathros desolate] See the preceding

chapter, Eze 29:14.

Zoan] Tanis, the ancient capital of Egypt.

No.] Diospolis, or Thebes, the city of Jupiter.

Verse 15. My fury upon Sin] Pelusium, a strong city of Egypt, on

the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.

Verse 16. Noph] Cairo or Kahira; see Eze 30:13.

Verse 17. Aven] Or On, the famous Heliopolis, or city of the


Pibeseth] Bubastum or Bubaste, by a slight alteration of the

letters. It is situated on the eastern branch of the Nile, towards


Verse 18. Tehaphnehes] Called also Tahapanes, Jer 2:16. This

is the Pelusian Daphne.

Break there the yokes] The sceptres. Nebuchadnezzar broke the

sceptre of Egypt when he confirmed the kingdom to Amasis, who had

rebelled against Apries.

Verse 20. In the eleventh year, in the first month, in the

seventh day] This was the eleventh year of the captivity of

Jeconiah, and the date here answers to April 26, A.M. 3416; a

prophecy anterior by several years to that already delivered. In

collecting the writings of Ezekiel, more care was taken to put all

that related to one subject together, than to attend to

chronological arrangement.

Verse 21. I have broken the arm of Pharaoh] Perhaps this may

refer to his defeat by Nebuchadnezzar, when he was coming with the

Egyptian army to succour Jerusalem.

Verse 22. I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand.] When

the arm is broken, the sword will naturally fall. But these

expressions show that the Egyptians would be rendered wholly

useless to Zedekiah, and should never more recover their political

strength. This was the case from the time of the rebellion of


Verse 26. I will scatter the Egyptians] Several fled with Apries

to Upper Egypt; and when Nebuchadnezzar wasted the country, he

carried many of them to Babylon. See on Eze 29:12.

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