Ezekiel 35


The prophet having formerly predicted the ruin of Edom, the

same with Seir, (Eze 25:12,)

now resumes and pursues the subject at greater length,

intimating, as did also Isaiah, (Isa 21:11, 12,)

that though other nations should recover their liberty after

the fall of the Babylonian monarchy, the Edomites should

continue in bondage for their very despiteful behaviour towards

the children of Israel in the day of their calamity, 1-15.


Verse 2. Set thy face against Mount Seir] That is, against the

Edomites. This prophecy was probably delivered about the time of

the preceding, and before the destruction of Idumea by

Nebuchadnezzar, which took place about five years after.

Calmet supposes that two destructions of Idumea are here

foretold; one by Nebuchadnezzar, and the other by the Jews after

their return from their captivity.

Verse 3. Most desolate.] Literally, "A desolation and a


Verse 5. A perpetual hatred] The Edomites were the descendants

of Esau; the Israelites, the descendants of Jacob. Both these were

brothers; and between them there was contention even in the womb,

and they lived generally in a state of enmity. Their descendants

kept up the ancient feud: but the Edomites were implacable; they

had not only a rooted but perpetual enmity to the Israelites,

harassing and distressing them by all possible means; and they

seized the opportunity, when the Israelites were most harassed by

other enemies, to make inroads upon them, and cut them off

wherever they found them.

To afflict the afflicted is cruel. This is scarcely of man, bad

as he is. He must be possessed by the malignant spirit of the

devil, when he wounds the wounded, insults over the miseries of

the afflicted, and seeks opportunities to add affliction to those

who are already under the rod of God.

Verse 6. Blood shall pursue thee] Thou lovest blood, and thou

shalt have blood. It is said that Cyrus and two hundred thousand

men were slain in an ambush by Thomyris, queen of the Scythians,

and that she cut off his head, and threw it into a vessel filled

with blood, with this severe sarcasm:-

Satia te sanguine quem sitisti, Cyre.

"O Cyrus, now satisfy thyself with blood."

Hence, the figure:-

"Sarcasmus, with this biting taunt doth kill:

Cyrus, thy thirst was blood, now drink thy fill."

Verse 9. Perpetual desolations] Thou shalt have perpetual

desolation for thy perpetual hatred.

Verse 10. These two nations] Israel and Judah. The Idumeans

thought of conquering and possessing both; and they would have

succeeded, but only the Lord was there; and this spoiled their

projects, and blasted their hopes.

Verse 12. They are laid desolate, they are given us to consume.]

They exulted in seeing Judea overrun; and they rejoiced in the

prospect of completing the ruin, when the Chaldeans had withdrawn

from the land.

Verse 13. Thus with your mouth ye have boasted ayainst me] Ye

have said you would enter into those lands, and take them for your

inheritance; though ye knew that God had promised them to the

Israelites, and that you should never have them for your portion.

Verse 14. When the whole earth rejoiceth] When the whole land

shall rejoice in the restoration of the Jews, I will make thee

desolate. Probably this refers to the time of the Maccabees.

Verse 15. So will I do unto thee] Others shall rejoice in thy

downfall as thou hast rejoiced at their downfall.

This whole chapter strongly inculcates this maxim: Do as thou

wouldst be done by; and what thou wouldst not have done to thee,

do not to others. And from it we learn that every man may, in some

sort, be said to make his own temporal good or evil; for as he

does to others, God will take care to do to him, whether it be

evil or good, weal or wo. Would you not be slandered or

backbitten? Then do not slander nor backbite. Wouldst thou wish to

live in peace? Then do not disturb the peace of others. Be

merciful, and thou shalt obtain mercy.

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