Ezekiel 43

CHAPTER XLIII

The glory of the Lord is represented as returning to the

temple, 1-6;

where God promises to fix his residence, if the people repent

and forsake those sins which caused him to depart from them,

7-12.

Then the measures of the altar, and the ordinances relating to

it, are set down, 13-27.

NOTES ON CHAP. XLIII

Verse 2. The glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the

east] This was the chariot of cherubim, wheels, &c., which he saw

at the river Chebar. And this glory, coming from the east, is

going to enter into the eastern gate of the temple, and thence to

shine out upon the whole earth. Is there not a mystery here? All

knowledge, all religion, and all arts and sciences, have

travelled, according to the course of the sun, FROM EAST TO WEST!

From that quarter the Divine glory at first came; and thence the

rays of Divine light continue to diffuse themselves over the face

of the earth. From thence came the Bible, and through that the new

covenant. From thence came the prophets, the apostles, and the

first missionaries, that brought the knowledge of God to Europe,

to the isles of the sea, and to the west first, and afterwards to

these northern regions.

Verse 5. The spirit took me up] And, to follow this thought for

a moment, how many men has this heavenly Spirit taken up; filled

them with his own influence, and sent them to every country, and

nation, and tongue, and people, to testify the Gospel of the grace

of God, and to preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches

of Christ! What spiritual temples have been raised, beautified,

and filled with the glory of God! And this light is shining and

burning more and more unto the perfect day, when the whole earth

shall be filled with the glory of God!

Verse 7. Son of man, the place of my throne] The throne refers

to his majesty; the soles of his feet, to his condescension in

dwelling among men.

Where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel] The

tabernacle and temple were types of the incarnation of Jesus

Christ: "Destroy THIS TEMPLE, and after three days I will raise it

up;-but this he spake of the temple of his body;" Joh 2:19, 21.

And in THAT TEMPLE "dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily."

Into this immaculate humanity did the glory of the Supreme God

enter; and thus, "God was in Christ reconciling the world unto

himself." And this Jesus is Immanuel, GOD with US. In him we find

united the ineffable majesty of God, with the abjectness of man.

He humbled himself in human nature, not only to bear the form of a

servant, but to suffer death upon the cross as a malefactor slave!

But by these means he has purchased eternal redemption for us; and

the spiritual Israel, who find redemption in his blood, shall be

raised up wherever his holy name shall be proclaimed; and shall

not, like the old apostate Israel, defile that great name by

idolatry or a life of wickedness, but they shall show forth the

virtues of Him who has called them from darkness into his

marvellous light.

Verse 8. In their setting of their threshold] They had even gone

so far as to set up their idol altars by those of Jehovah; so that

their abominable idols were found in the very house of God!

therefore, "he consumed them in his anger."

Verse 9. Now let them put away their whoredom] Their idolatry.

And the carcasses of their kings] It appears that God was

displeased with their bringing their kings so near his temple.

David was buried in the city of David, which was on Mount Zion,

near to the temple; and so were almost all the kings of Judah; but

God requires that the place of his temple and its vicinity shall

be kept unpolluted; and when they put away all kinds of

defilement, then will he dwell among them.

Verse 10. Show the house to the house of Israel] Show them this

holy house where the holy God dwells, that they may be ashamed of

their iniquities. Their name, their profession, their temple,

their religious services, all bound them to a holy life; all

within them, all without them, should have been holiness unto the

Lord. But alas! they have been bound by no ties, and they have

sinned against all their obligations; nevertheless, let them

measure the pattern, let them see the rule by which they should

have walked, and let them measure themselves by this standard, and

walk accordingly.

Verse 11. And if they be ashamed] If, in a spirit of true

repentance, they acknowledge their past transgressions, and

purpose in his help never more to offend their God, then teach

them every thing that concerns my worship, and their profiting by

it.

Verse 12. This is the law of the house] From the top of the

mountain on which it stands, to the bottom, all round about, all

shall be holy; no buildings shall be erected in any part, nor

place nor spot be appropriated to a common use; all shall be

considered as being most holy.

Verse 13. The cubit is a cubit and a hand breadth] It is the

same cubit by which all the previous admeasurements were made, and

was a hand breadth or four inches longer than the Babylonian

cubit.

Verse 15. So the altar] haharel, "the mount of God."

And from the altar] umihaariel, "and from the lion of

God." Perhaps the first was a name given to the altar when

elevated to the honour of God, and on which the victims were

offered to him, and the second, the lion of God, may mean the

hearth, which might have been thus called, because it devoured

and consumed the burnt-offerings, as a lion does his prey. See on

Isa 29:1.

Verse 17. And the settle] The ledge on which the priests walked

round the altar, see Eze 43:14. By these settles or ledges the

altar was narrowed towards the top. "The ascent shall look toward

the east;" this ascent was an inclined plane. But these settles,

or more properly ledges, as Bp. Newcome translates, may be thus

computed. The altar itself was ten feet high and twenty broad; the

same as that of Solomon, 2Ch 4:1.

Cubits

For the base, Eze 43:13,

is in height. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

From the surface of the base to the first ledge, Eze 43:14,

is. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

From the lower ledge to the upper, Eze 43:14,

are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

From the upper ledge to the ariel or hearth, Eze 43:15,

are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

___

In all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

And as to the breadth, the upper ledge, Eze 43:17,

was. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Add a cubit on each side for the higher ledge, Eze 43:14,

latter part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Add a cubit on each side for the lower ledge, Eze 43:14,

former part. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Add a cubit on each side for the base, Eze 43:13,

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

___

In all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

The altar of burnt-offerings, described Ex 27:1; 38:1, was

smaller than this, because it was to be removed from place to

place with the tabernacle. This was designed for a permanent

temple. See Bp. Newcome on this chapter.

Verse 19. The priests-that be of the seed of Zadok] It was this

Zadok that was put in the place of Abiathar, by Solomon,

1Ki 2:35, in whose family the priesthood had continued ever

since.

Verse 25. Seven days shalt thou prepare] These are, in general,

ordinances of the LAW; and may be seen by consulting the parallel

passages. All these directions are given that they might follow

them, when they should be put in possession of their own land. For

in several cases the prophet enters into particulars, as if he had

supposed that the book of the law had perished.

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