Ezekiel 45

CHAPTER XLV

The several portions of land appointed for the sanctuary, 1-5,

the city, 6,

and the prince, 7, 8.

Regulations concerning the weights and measures, 9-12;

with ordinances respecting the provisions for the ordinary and

extraordinary sacrifices, 13-25.

NOTES ON CHAP. XLV

Verse 1. When ye shall divide by lot] That is, when on your

repossessing your land, every family settles according to the

allotment which they formerly had; for it is certain that the land

was not divided afresh by lot after the Babylonish captivity. The

allotment mentioned and described here was merely for the service

of the temple, the use of the priests, and the prince or

governor of the people. A division of the whole land is not

intended.

Verse 2. Of this there shall be for the sanctuary] See the plan,

A. See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 3. And of this measure] See the plan, A, B, C, D, E.

See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 4. The holy portion] See the plan, A. See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 5. And the five and twenty thousand] See the plan, B.

See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 6. Ye shall appoint] See the plan, FF. See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 7. A portion shall be for the prince] nasi, he who

had the authority of chief magistrate; for there was neither king

nor prince among the Jews after the Babylonish captivity. For

these allotments and divisions, see the plan, EE, FF, GG.

See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

Verse 8. My princes shall no more oppress my people] By

exorbitant taxes to maintain profligate courts, or subsidize other

powers to help to keep up a system of tyranny in the earth. The

former princes even robbed the temple of God to give subsidies to

other states.

Verse 9. Take away your exactions from my people] This is the

voice of God to all the rulers of the earth.

Take away your exactions; do not oppress the people; they are

mine. Abolish all oppressive taxes.

Verse 10. Ye shall have just balances] This appreciation of

weights, measures, and money was intended to show them that they

must not introduce those to which they had been accustomed in the

captivity, but those which God had prescribed to their

forefathers. See the notes on the parallel places.

Verse 16. All-this oblation for the prince] A present or

offering to the prince.

Verse 18. Thou shalt take a young bullock-and cleanse the

sanctuary.] There is nothing of this in the Mosaic law; it seems

to have been a new ceremony. An annual purification of the

sanctuary may be intended.

Verse 20. For him that is simple] That wants understanding to

conduct himself properly.

Verse 25. In the seventh month] He shall do at the feast of

tabernacles the same things that he was desired to do on the

passover. The prince should offer the same number of victims, of

the same quality, and with the same ceremonies, as during the

above seven days. The offerings were, sin-offerings,

burnt-offerings, and peace-offerings.

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